How To Make Your Own Hash Oil Capsules

canna capsulesConsuming cannabis orally is one of the most effective ways to benefit from its medicinal properties. In contrast to smoking or vaping where a majority of cannabinoids remain unabsorbed by the lungs, edibles allow the body to absorb ~95% of all active cannabinoids which allows for less material to be used to achieve the desired effects.

While there are many different edibles available in all kind of forms and flavors, there’s no denying the simple medicinal qualities of a tasteless, odorless hash oil capsule. Hash oil capsules are essentially that– cellulose/gelatin capsules filled with a measured quantity activated hash oil. These pills offer the most simple, medicinal approach to edibles as they don’t require refrigeration, have more consistent potency and are easier to dose than traditional baked edibles (they also tend to be hypo-allergenic).

Preparing Your Own Capsules Making your own hash oil capsules is a very simple, straightforward process. The main ingredients you’ll need are:

  1. Medicinal Cannabis / Keif / Hash
  2. Empty Gel Capsules (available at your local health food store, #00 is the biggest and easiest to work with)
  3. Coconut Oil
  4. Crock Pot / double boiler / a pot and a metal bowl that fits inside

It’s also advised that you have the following to avoid a giant sticky mess:

  1. A syringe for dispensing your oil into capsules (available at your local drugstore)
  2. A capsule “filling machine” or holder to hold your capsules in place while you fill them, should be available where you find the gel caps.

Similar to our cannabutter tutorial, you need to activate the THC (via decarboxylation) before it will be effective orally. All you have to do is combine the coconut oil and cannabis in your crock pot and heat it around 220°F for between one and two hours. If you don’t have a crock pot, you can just add the ingredients to a metal bowl and carefully immerse the bottom of that into a pot of boiling water for the same amount of time; water boils at ~212°F which is an optimal temperature to decarboxylate over about an hour and a half. Some people opt to use cheesecloth when using ground bud in order to strain the final product but I’ve found this to be an unnecessarily messy step that has little to no benefit on the final product and may actually adversely affect potency.

Once your oil has been properly decarboxylated, all one needs to do is set up some open capsules in the capsule filler/holder and use the syringe to fill the capsules with anywhere between .05g and .1g of hash oil. These capsules can be very potent so be careful when trying them for the first time, if you find you’ve made them too potent simply dilute with more coconut oil and re-cap. With edibles, less is more (one can always have a second or third) so you may want to start with approximately 1g of hash or kief (2g of bud) for every 2 teaspoons of coconut oil and adjust to preference from there. Get Medicated While some people get fancy with additives like soy lecithin, this recipe offers the most basic, simple, effective method for creating your own odorless, flavorless hash oil capsules.

Remember that it’s always best to eat something before taking hash oil capsules to stimulate the digestive tract and be sure to wait an hour or so after trying one to determine if you’re medicated enough… these capsules can creep up on you pretty hard!

How To Properly Season Your Titanium Nail

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Keep it Natural

Although there is often a debate concerning the various methods of seasoning your dab nail, some methods work better than others. My opinion has always been to take a natural and balanced approach. Simply by using your titanium nail at low temperatures can build a natural seasoned layer, which serves not only as a protection against oxidation, but also as a way of enhancing the flavor of your medicated concentrates upon inhalation. By applying extracts at mild temperatures between (275-350 degrees Fahrenheit) you’ll be able to create an even, more balanced layer compared to extracts exposed to a higher heating intensity. Less is better in some cases. Dabbing large amounts of concentrates in one hit on an extremely hot titanium nail causes your dabs to vaporize instead of season. This is an important concept to retain while using dabs, especially when butane and propane lighters are involved.

Heating Retention Falsehoods

Borosilicate’s conductivity value is 1.14 W/(Mk), quartz’s value is 1.3W/(Mk) and pure titanium is 21.9 W/(MK). It’s easy to assume that titanium nails have a better retention to heat than borosilicate and quartz based on these numbers; however, this is simply not the case. Titanium can heat up your dabs much faster but they do not retain more heat. Case in point. If you heat titanium for thirty seconds using a butane torch and then heat a glass nail using the same method for the same amount of time, titanium will get much faster. The reason being isn’t because the glass couldn’t retain heat, but because the glass wasn’t heated for a long enough time, due to its low thermal conductivity value compared to that of titanium.  As a good rule of thumb, and based on thermal conductivity alone, it’s safe to say that titanium has a higher thermal conductivity than glass or quartz but not a better retainer of heat.

nail

Don’t Overheat Your Nail!

According to certain scientific sources, it’s ideal for titanium to be cooled just below its Leidenfrost point. Just in case you’re not familiar with scientific terminology, the Leidenfrost point refers to the lowest point that vaporization can occur on a surface, allowing for the entirety of that surface to be covered with vapor. Studies have indicated that water’s Leidenfrost point is approximately 339.8 degrees F on polished surfaces and 504.F on rough surfaces. Based on this info, we can conclude that a brand new titanium nail can be heated for about 20-25 seconds until it’s about 25% red hot. Applying dabs to a nail that’s between 350-400 degrees is the ideal temp for keeping flavor and under the temperature of releasing titanium oxide gas.

How To Effectively Clean Your Dab Rig

HowToCleanDabRigs

It’s inevitable– dab rigs get gunked up after sufficient use and at some point down the road, every glass-owner needs to learn how to effectively clean their setup. A dirty piece not only looks and smells bad, it affects flavor and can potentially reduce the amount of vapor actually inhaled. Though there are several products marketed specifically for cleaning pipes, the best method is to use a safe, inexpensive polar organic solvent.

Cleaning The Nail

cleaning nailThe nail is the easiest part of the rig to clean but can be difficult to remove as the glass from your rig may have expanded into the nail creating a tight seal. Just lightly heat the nail at the base and gripping from the top using tongs (or better, forceps if you can find them) gently twist the nail loose.

Glass and ceramic nails need only be lightly heated (enough to liquify any offending resin) and wiped with a cotton swab. Titanium nails can be placed on a heat resistant surface (like stone or tile) and heated until glowing red which will carbonize any residue (like a cast iron skillet) and cause excess to flake away upon cooling (you might observe an attractive blue tint to the excess carbon).

Once your nail is hot, be sure to carefully use a cotton swab to clean the underside where the nail makes contact with your rig. Do not use your bare hands to hold the nail at point during the process… trust me, it’s hot (personal experience).

Cleaning The Rig

Regardless of how complicated your rig is, the two best solvents for cleaning glass are Acetone and Isopropyl Alcohol. Acetone can be purchased at the drugstore as clear “nail polish remover” and works almost instantaneously (it’s what chemists use to clean their glassware in the lab) but it smells and shouldn’t be dumped down the drain. Additionally, most nail polish contains “denatonium benzoate” which leaves a residue and is unpleasantly bitter when present even in a few ppm (parts per million) so additional washing with soap and water may be required.

Isopropyl alcohol, while not as vigorous a cleaner as acetone, can also be found at the drugstore as pure as 91% and makes for a great solvent which is very rarely tainted with bitterants like denatonium benzoate (though drinking isopropyl will definitely make you feel terrible). Simply pour it in your rig, shake and wait. A soaked cotton swab can be used for trouble areas. If your rig has particularly bad build up in a hard-to-reach spot, a little salt can be used as an agitator in addition to alcohol but in those situations it’s almost always more effective to resort to acetone (with a thorough wash afterwards).

Basically, isopropyl is for regular grime, acetone is for when you’ve been particularly neglectful. To finish up, let the solvent evaporate and then do a final rinse with water. If you rinse with water before all the acetone/isopropyl has evaporated, you may end up with while scaling on the sides from precipitate in the water. To remedy, just rinse with solvent and let it dry completely before rinsing with water again.

Keep It Clean

Once you’re taking a dab from your freshly cleaned piece, you’ll probably want life to be that way all the time (this is understandable). Though it may take a little training, its important to remember that regular maintenance goes a long way towards keeping your rig clean. Change the water every time you sesh and try not to let your rig develop a solid layer of slime in between cleanings. Remember, dabbing isn’t like smoking– all that resin inside your rig is decarboxylated, re-condensed hash oil that didn’t make it into your lungs. A clean rig develops less build-up!

If you are ready to upgrade your rig, or would like to add another dab rig to your collection, take a look at these dab rigs for cheap.