Dab Pens Demand You Scrutinize for Quality

Dab Pens Demand You Scrutinize for Quality

As smoking culture continues to grow with the legalization of marijuana across the country, more ways to consume herb become available. One method that is sweeping the country in popularity is dabbing. For the uninitiated, dabs are comprised of really high concentrations of the active compounds in cannabis that give you an often euphoric response. THC is the psychoactive compound that’s responsible for the euphoric feeling that cannabis brings. So dabbing gives you a much more intense experience of cannabis with a high like no other that hits you fast and lasts a lot longer. For this reason among others, its popularity has swept through the smoking communities, appealing to those looking for a heightened experience.

Dabs 101

dab pens offer alternatives to oil rigs in dab consumption

Dab rigs are not the only way to use dabs.

Dabs are not hash oil, which is another concentrated form of cannabis. Rather dabs are often hard, brittle resin that look like honey. Only the smallest amount is needed to be consumed to get the intense effects of the concentrated cannabis. Dabs are usually heated on a nail using a torch and the smoke delivers a powerful hit of THC. But this isn’t the only way to dab. As more people start to enjoy the experience of consuming concentrates, more convenient ways of dabbing have started to emerge. One of these ways is by using dab pens, which are small portable vaporizers.

For Those Who Have Never Used Dab Pens

This may be common sense to our regular readers but for the dabbing novices, dab pens are thin pen-like devices that contain a heating chamber inside for vaporizing concentrates like dabs or cannabis waxes. There is a mouthpiece for inhaling the vapor and the concentrate is delivered in a well-proportioned way so there is much less chance of getting too high. The dab pens come in all shapes and sizes but the most important aspect of their design is that they are extremely portable and very discreet. Dab pens look the same as the vaporizers used for smoking tobacco or for those using vaping to quit smoking. There are vape pens that are designed for vaporizing dry herb but these are different from dab pens in how they vaporize so it’s important when choosing a dab pen to get one that says it’s designed for concentrates and waxes as opposed to dry herb.

3 Types of Vaporizers

dab pens are one of 3 methods of using dabs

Vape pens are one of 3 popular methods of dab consumption.

In general, there are 3 types of vaporizers that can be used for dabbing. There are desktop units that are not portable but designed to vaporize large quantities of cannabis. These are often expensive, bulky and can’t be moved with ease. Then there are portable, handheld versions of these that use batteries to operate and can vaporize smaller amounts. Dab pens are the smallest variety of vaporizer. These are the most discreet and portable variety that will allow you to get a hit anywhere with ease. These are also the most affordable option when it comes to vaping. They are usually anywhere between $20 and $200 and their durability makes them withstand the trials of travel and excessive use. The controlled space for how much can be consumed at a time ensures against vaping too much and ending up in an unpleasant situation as a result.

What to Look for in a Dab Pen

When you’re ready to invest in a dab pen, you want to be sure that you’re getting exactly what you need. There are some essential factors to keep in mind that should greatly affect your decision. For starters, the biggest benefit of dab pens are their portability. So when purchasing one, you want to be sure that it’s the right size for you. You might want to reflect on what you will be using to carry your pen and that the size is right. Getting the right color may also be a factor if discretion is important to you.

Ways of Gauging Quality

Quality of course is something to factor. You want to make sure that your pen uses high quality materials like ceramic to heat your concentrates. Ceramic heating plates aren’t always the most durable option but they give the best flavor. They’re also very good at heating and will give you a nice, clean hit. A cheap heating coil will change the taste of your vapor. It may end up making your vapor taste like metal and ruin your dabbing experience. Dab pens with high quality heating materials will ultimately give you a smoother, better tasting hit with an overall improved dabbing experience. Dab pens are also used for heating oil concentrates as well as the hard concentrate called shatter. You want to make sure your pen has a wattage high enough to vaporizer the concentrates you expect to use so this is an important aspect to consider. Checking that you are using a company with a quality reputation may help you end up with a more reliable product.

Other Features of a Worthwhile Dab Pen Kit

alternative mouthpieces can bring new life to dab pens

Look for extras in your dab kits like high quality mouthpieces.

It’s important to make sure that your pen can be charged with ease whether via USB or via another method of your preference. Many pens run off rechargeable batteries so you may want to check how you will be charging your pen for future use. You will want your pen to give you the best possible battery life. It’s a good idea to check what accessories will come with your pen in general. You should check that the pen comes with an extra mouthpiece for example. Another good tool that is highly useful when it comes to dab pens is a dab tool. These are small devices that are used to help load the heating chamber with concentrates of wax. These accessories can be purchased separately but it is much more convenient to get everything you need as one solid package.

Reading the Fine Print and Doing the Research

Quality dab pens will come with a warranty which is helpful when buying any kind of electrical device. It’s often worth doing the research to make sure you find the best pen for you. Reading product reviews will help you to get a good sense of which companies will work for you. Spending a little extra to get a high quality product will most likely save you money in the long run as you will end up needing to use less product and not buy replacements.

Using dab pens for consuming concentrates makes the whole experience much easier, safer and can ultimately give you a better balanced hit. But it’s important that you get the one that will best suit your needs. Portability, discretion, long battery life and all the necessary attachments should be evaluated before taking the leap and investing in this new direction. When you have taken it all into consideration you will end up with a product that suits all your needs and gives that powerful high with comfort and ease.

Marijuana Concentrates Offer Many Choices – Which is Right for You?

Marijuana-Concentrates-Offer-Many-Choices

‘Concentrate’ has become a widely used term in the cannabis industry that refers to a number of available products that are each quite different. Any weed product that has been created through an extraction process will leave behind a concentrate that is packed full of high potent cannabinoids. This could refer to under the tongue tinctures, CBD oils or wax for your vaporizer. The following are just some of the various kinds of marijuana concentrates out there on the market today and how they work. In this way, the wide world of marijuana concentrates might be made a little bit clearer.

1. Kief

kief is a granulated type of marijuana concentrate

Kief is the white, powdery, dry sift or pollen that is found on the trichomes or ‘hair’ on cannabis flowers. This is the sticky part of the bud that contains a high concentrated amount of the compounds that give cannabis it’s medicinal value. It is therefore extremely rich in terpenes and cannabinoids and the quality and nature of the high will depend on what plant strain the kief is collected from. It’s often used to make hash although it can also be collected and used as a marijuana concentrate. You can also place accumulated kief in a grinder to be sprinkled over ground cannabis to add potency to the hit.

2. Hash

hash is one of the oldest marijuana concentrates known

This is one of the oldest marijuana concentrates used throughout Asia, the Middle East and India for centuries. It gained popularity in the west during the 19th century when world renowned writers such as Victor Hugo, Alexandre Dumas, and Charles Baudelaire began using it in Paris nightclubs. Hash is a concentrate that comes from the resin of the plant. Kief is collected and tightly compressed to form the hash. The result is a sticky brown substance that is extremely strong and full of cannabinoids. It is not as strong as Butane Hash Oil but still very potent and a natural alternative to it that has been a part of cannabis culture for many years.

3. Butane Hash Oil (BHO)

bho is one of the most common marijuana concentrates on the market

Butane Hash Oil, commonly abbreviated as BHO, is a popular concentrate used for dabbing. It is extremely potent and should always be used with a degree of caution. BHO is made from concentrations of kief, like regular hash, only this kief is treated with butane as a solvent. The butane is used to extract the cannabinoids from the plant. The result is a concentrate that can actually exceed 80 to 90 percent THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana that produces the high. BHO has a sticky, waxy consistency that can harden up to create “shatter” which is a brown, glasslike concentrate or “honeycomb” which is a more crumbly version of the hardened BHO.

4. CO2 Oil

co2 oil uses a healthier method of extraction than bho

This oil is harnessed using botanical extractors that use pressure and carbon dioxide to extract the cannabinoids from the plant and create a sticky, liquid concentrate. The benefit of this concentrate is that it is a healthier way of extracting the concentrate than butane. Other solvents like butane can leave behind metals and other toxic elements. This method is able to safely extract a concentrate that is low in toxicity while still doing the job. CO2 oil is used in many vape pens and is also sold in disposable cartridges.

5. CBD Oil

cbd oil is a non psychoactive cannabis extract

This edible oil is made from a concentration of the CBD compound in cannabis that contributes to a sense of calm and stability while also being a very powerful anti-inflammatory with pain killing, anti-spasmodic properties that can help with seizures and other medical disorders. The CBD compound does not make you high and these oils contain little to no THC. Therefore, people can use this concentrate without getting high and it’s perfect for children suffering from seizures and epilepsy.

6. Tinctures

cannabis tinctures use alcohol during extraction

Tinctures were one of the most traditional ways of consuming cannabis as medicine before it became outlawed in 1937. The cannabinoids are extracted from the plant using alcohol. The result is a liquid concentrate able to be safely applied under the tongue. Tinctures are a popular way in general of harnessing the medicinal powers of plants and tinctures of all varieties can be found in health food stores. Cannabis tinctures are a concentrated liquid form of cannabinoids that can be used as needed. As a bonus, these are now available in many different flavors from dispensaries and cannabis stores.

7. Budder

budder is a type of cannabis concentrate often referred to as wax

This concentrate is usually just referred to as wax and can be gathered using a variety of methods for extraction. The result is a substance similar to molasses in texture that can be used in vape pens or added to flower to give an extra level of intensity.

8. Rosin

unlike many other marijuana concentrates rosin uses no solvent during extraction

This is a wax that is extracted using heat. A popular method for extracting this wax is by placing a bud or flower between parchment paper and then placing it between a hair straightener and squeezing all the wax out of the flower to create a concentrate.

9. Rick Simpson Oil

rick simpson oil was developed by a noted cannabis advocate

Rick Simpson Oil is a recipe produced through an extraction method created by cannabis activist Rick Simpson. He used the concentrate to cure himself and thousands of others of cancer. The oil is made using the buds and flowers of the female cannabis plant. They are soaked in pure naphtha or isopropyl alcohol and, through this method, the medicinal compounds are drawn out resulting in a concentrated solution of medicinal compounds. He doesn’t sell the oil already made but instead has provided the public with the recipe for it. Many companies, however, have tried to capitalize on the recipe’s popularity by creating their own versions of the oil that are available on the market.

As you can see, there are many different varieties of marijuana concentrates available that can be consumed in a variety of different ways. These are only a few of the many varieties available. It’s always good to use a measure of caution when embarking on the journey of discovering the various marijuana concentrates and their medicinal or recreational uses. Dabbing will give the most intensive experience of a concentrate but it’s good to be moderate and execute caution. Having said that, there’s a lot of joy to be experienced using marijuana so enjoy!

Vacuum Purge Basics for Premium Homemade BHO

Vacuum-Purge-Basics-for-Premium-Homemade-BHO

Concentrates have become extremely popular today as the popularity of cannabis in general grows and people discover new ways of enjoying the medicinal and recreational benefits of marijuana. The popularity of concentrates comes from the intensity of the high they are capable of delivering. Butane hash oil (BHO) is made from extracting high concentrations of THC from marijuana flower. It was done for the first time during the 1970s but didn’t really start to grow in popularity until the 2000s. The popularity of extraction has continued to grow since then, especially as more states legalize cannabis and more products become available to make the process of consuming concentrates easier and more enjoyable.

A General Disclaimer About Working with BHO

Keep in mind when working with BHOs that there are extremely flammable and even explosive solvents involved in the process. You have to be careful to keep the space well ventilated and be very careful of flames, spark and heat in general. You want to be very careful to avoid setting off a fireball that could quickly fill the room.

The Importance of a Thorough Vacuum Purge

 

mastering vacuum purge techniques gives your bho more purity

BHO purity can be improved through mastering vacuum purging techniques.

Part of the process of incorporating concentrates into your life is learning a little about the ins and outs of how they work and what gives them their purity. Unless a vacuum purge is done on a BHO product either before or after purchase, you will have a problematic concentrate on your hands. It’s important to realize that without the purge, some butane will remain in the product which is not what you want to be consuming. The residual gases need to be purged in order to get the high quality BHO you deserve.

BHO That Hasn’t Been Vacuum Purged

If you’re a fan of enjoying concentrates then you know that there is nothing worse than having to consume low quality BHO. It is often grey, tastes foul and is full of nasty stuff that you definitely don’t want to be consuming for your health. This kind of BHO has not been vacuum purged, illustrating the absolute importance of vacuum purging in order to get the best possible quality product for your consumption. When you vacuum purge your BHO, it boils away those nasty elements, solvents and impurities, leaving you with a purer, healthier and better tasting BHO.

The Targeted Atmospheric Pressure

When working to perform an effective vacuum purge, it’s helpful to understand the precise atmospheric pressure for which you’re aiming. The measurement is made through inches of mercury, commonly called inHG. With the levels in the tube or barometer at a setting of 1, the mercury will move up to 29.92 inches. This is the basic atmospheric level we are all experiencing, as it relates to sea level. When we vacuum purge our BHO, we are aiming to create an atmospheric pressure of -29.92 inHG. At this level, the BHO would be devoid of all atmospheric pressure. It’s not an easy measurement to get but this is still what we are aiming for during a vacuum purge.

The Right Vacuum Purging Equipment for Your Purposes

it pays to use top end equipment for your vacuum purge operations

High end equipment can be a worthwhile investment for shatter purification. 

A vacuum purge can be performed in several ways. There is a vast array of vacuum purging equipment available on the market. Of course, the more you are willing to spend, the better the purge is going to be. For those that will be consuming concentrates on a very consistent level, the quality of the purge may warrant that you purchase high quality equipment to use. For others that may be unable to shell out for the vacuum purge equipment, there are many processes for vacuum purging at home. It will take some patience, care and effort but it is more than possible.

Home Vacuum Purging Solutions

Some people have found that they are able to get effective results vacuum purging using equipment that is usually used to preserve food such as a FoodSaver 3460. The issue with this is that it can only go as low as -20 inHG. This means they will certainly improve the quality of the BHO but it won’t be as high a quality since it can’t achieve the desired -29.92 inHG desired result. You could also use a hand pump made for bleeding brake lines if you have a small batch and a small chamber. This technique may even create a lower pressure that could reach closer to -27 inHG.

Creating your Own Vacuum Purge System

You can also just make your own vacuum purge at home by putting together a few critical pieces. You can pick up a readymade vacuum chamber and then run it using a 2 stage vacuum pump. With your vacuum chamber, you want to be absolutely sure that you only use the highest quality silicone in the chamber. Cheap silicone has plasticizers in it that will wreak havoc on your vacuum purge, melting and spoiling your batch. Also be aware that the slightest crack in a glass vacuum chamber could become a problem under the pressure of the pump. Metal may be the best option here. With your 2 stage vacuum pump, you will be aiming for an oilers variety to stop the solvents from getting into the pump and being pulled back down into your concentrate.

The Process of Vacuum Purging in Action

 

setting up a home vacuum purging system can be easy if you know what youre doing

Setting up a home vacuum purging system can be simple if you know what you’re doing.

Before you start vacuum purging, place your BHO on a Pyrex dish. Place the dish on hot water that doesn’t exceed approximately 140 degrees, the temperature of hot coffee. Gently boil the BHO, scrape up the syrupy substance and place it on your silicone mat, being sure to keep it as thin a layer as possible. Place the silicone mat in the vacuum chamber. You can use parchment paper if the mat is too big. Seal up the chamber now and start pumping, aiming to lower the pressure to anywhere between -27 and -29.92 inHG. Place the chamber on a heating pad and after a few minutes let the air back in the chamber. Then seal the chamber and pump again. Do this until the BHO bubbles. Then allow the BHO to sit for 24 hours. You can repeat the process of creating the thin layer of BHO and vacuum purging it again, allowing it to sit for a few hours. You can also roll it up and put it in the fridge or freezer for a few minutes once it is done to allow it to get firm.

As you can see there are several ways to perform your vacuum purge at home. From Food Savers to hand pumps, there is something that everyone can use. The main focus should be on removing the gas bubbles that arise, which may mean taking a fork or dabber and popping the bubbles in a ventilated space until they are gone. Removing all of the butane may be difficult with a simple home technique but it will still help to make your batch healthier and purer.

THC Dosage for Concentrates Can Be Sticky Business

THC-Dosage-for-Concentrates-Can-Be-Sticky-Business

Dabbing is still such a new phenomenon that dosing can be quite a mystery. While generally speaking, people are told to start with the smallest possible dose, it’s hard to know exactly what that means. Most hash oils come in half gram portions but there’s still no tool to measure a dabbing dose. As consuming concentrates is already an intense experience that produces a powerful high, you don’t want that THC dosage to be any higher than necessary. There are steps you can take as a first timer to ensure that you stay within the limits of what will work best for you.

Read the Label

thc-dosage-labels-help-with-portioning

THC dosage labels are an easy means of figuring the strength of a specific concentrate. 

It may seem obvious but the first step is to read the label carefully. Most concentrate packaging makes an attempt to indicate how strong it is as well as give you a bit of a profile of your concentrate. There is usually information about THC content either in percentages or in milligrams. Sometimes they will also give you a terpenoid profile that allows you to get even more of an understanding of what flavor and effects your concentrate will have. The ratio of THCA to THC is usually given as well so that you can estimate the best THC dosage for you.

 

Estimating Cannabinoid Percentages

Most solvent based hash oils have between 60-90 percent cannabinoids with very few going higher than 90 percent although some solventless concentrates can have less than 50 percent. So what do these percentages mean? If your concentrate says it contains 60 percent, that means for every one gram it contains 600mg. If it says it contains 90 percent, that means every one gram it contains 900mg. It’s good to keep in mind that when consuming edibles, beginners are recommended to start with anything between 5-10 percent. Based on that, it’s important to start with the lowest dose possible.

Selecting the Right Dab Tool

finding the write dab tool essential to accurate thc dosage portioning

The right dab tool will make portioning concentrates easier.

The next thing you need to think about is what tool you will use for portioning your dose. There is absolutely no rule for this. There are an endless amount of dabber tools that exist in all kinds of shapes and sizes. The only thing that matters is how easy it is for you to use. A pointed dabber might be hard to use for portioning and a scooper doesn’t work very well with trying to break apart shatter. Generally speaking, dabbers with broader tips are the most versatile. These can generally handle concentrates in all kinds of consistency and give you more control.

Portioning Your Concentrates

Estimating what portion to start with is more a matter of math than anything else. If your concentrate contains 60 percent cannabinoid content, that means it contains 600mg in every gram. So if you take one gram and split it into six portions, then you know you’ll be consuming 100mg in each dosage. If you split it into twelve portions then you know you’d be consuming 50mg in every dose. The ease in which this is done depends on the consistency of your concentrate. If you need to divide a shatter, then heating your dabbing tool is all that’s necessary for splitting it up with ease.

Ways Around Portioning

Portioning can be a bit of a tricky process and you may not want to deal with the math, the mess or divisions. If this is the case for you there are other options. Vaporizer cartridges are already divided and measured for you. These give you an easy delivery method for knowing exactly what you’re getting. Free form hash oil cartridges give you more control and reduce the likelihood of having too much. They come in single hit options and they often give you a clear indication of how many hits each cartridge provides. This makes the process of getting the right THC dosage a no-brainer.

The Importance of an Accurate THC Dosage

when handling shatter accurate thc dosage is important

Accurate THC dosage is integral to patients. 

THC is the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana that may cause you to have a nightmarish experience if you have too much but it’s also the compound that will make you feel high in the first place. Since it’s the ingredient that will make you laugh, feel creative and euphoric, being sure to have a decent THC dosage is important but having too much will make you so high that anxiety, paranoia and other nasty effects can result. This makes checking the labels and dosage of your hit an important affair. You want the best experience and there is no rule for what dosage is best for everyone.

Staying Aware of Your Personal Chemistry

People’s bodies are different and as a result a THC dosage will affect everyone in a different way. A 25mg hit may feel very different based on your personality, psychology and body type. For this reason, it’s very important to start with a smaller dose. In fact, the smaller the dosage the better. You can always work up to a comfortable amount but you can’t work down once you’ve consumed too much. You will never be disappointed by consuming less as you can always have more. At that point, you can experiment to discover what the best dosage is for you.

What to Do If You Accidentally Have Too Much

If you do happen to consume too high of a dose for you, there are some simple things you can do. Firstly, don’t panic. The key with dealing with the anxiety that can come from a high dosage is staying calm. You will want to try and relax as much as possible. You may even want to lie down and recover before doing anything else. A shower or bath can also help you to maintain some peace. Play music or put on a T.V. show or film that relaxes you. Make sure you drink plenty of water and make sure to eat some nourishing food. Another trick that many people swear by is sniffing or chewing on black pepper! Many, including Neil Young, claim that this remedy almost immediately relives anxiety and paranoia. CBD oil may also be able to help since it combats anxiety and can balance out a high THC dosage.

If you follow these steps and experiment starting with the smallest possible dosage, you will no doubt find the best THC dosage for you.

 

Dab Nail Types Offer Different Dabbing Experiences

Dab-Nail-Types-Offer-Different-Dabbing-Experiences

Dabbing is a fairly new trend in weed consumption that’s still new to even the most experienced pot smokers. The incredible high boasted has left many a novice chomping at the bit to experience this latest craze. But before you can get too carried away, it’s good to really understand what the difference is between each dab nail so that you can know what you’re getting into.

The Importance of Choosing the Right Dab Nail Material

This list explores the many varieties of dab nails and their pros and cons, from glass nails to an electric rig. The key factors to keep in mind when choosing a dab nail are taste and durability. You also want to get an idea of how fast a nail can be heated and how long it will stay hot. All of these things contribute to the ease and quality of your hit. Marijuana concentrates can be quite pricey and you don’t want your precious oil to go to waste so proper use of your dab rig is important and choosing a dab nail that you’re comfortable with is essential.

Glass Nails

The first dab nail we’ll examine today is the glass nail. Most rigs you buy will come with a glass nail. These nails produce a great flavor and they’re easy to clean. The main issue is that they don’t withstand heat well which also means they are a little tricky to heat. Heating your glass nail must be done slowly and with caution; otherwise they can break. This brings us to the general problem with all glass marijuana paraphernalia: they are incredibly easy to break. Generally speaking, however, you can always count on a glass nail to deliver a pleasant taste.

Ceramic Nails

ceramic dab nails are fragile but provide excellent flavor

A female ceramic nail.

Ceramic nails typically offer delicious tasting dabbing sessions though some frequent dabbers have complained about ceramic’s tendency to give off a somewhat overcooked taste.  One of the benefits of ceramic nails lies in their ability to stay hot longer so you can have multiple hits in a session without reigniting your torch. Ceramic is attractive and easy to clean but can also be very fragile. Like the glass dab nail, they may take longer to heat up and it may be more challenging to get them to heat evenly.

 

Quartz Nails

Now we get into a higher quality domain. The quartz dab nail is much more durable than the previous types described. The quartz nail has similar benefits to the glass dab nail only it is much more durable and can withstand higher amounts of heat. The flavor offered by quartz is as good and clean as the flavor gets. It’s only down side is it cools off very rapidly so you have to be quick when using a quartz nail. Generally speaking, quartz presents a reliable dab nail with delicious flavor.

Titanium Nails or “TI” Nails

domeless titanium dab nails are indestructible

Titanium nails are considered indestructible when compared to other materials. 

The titanium dab nail (also referred to simply as a TI nail) is another top of the range option. Titanium can withstand a lot of heat and also has great heat transfer. You must make sure that the dab nail you get is medical grade 2 titanium. Other types of titanium dab nails can be found on the market but they can be made with a lot of filler which leads to a bad taste. Because this dab nail can withstand a lot of heat, it doesn’t create the harsh or toxic fumes linked to other materials. They only take 15-20 seconds to heat up and then they stay warm longer once they’re heated. Best of all, they are indestructible. The only downside is that the taste can be a little metallic sometimes. Otherwise, titanium nails are a good choice for people that want something durable and easy to use.

 

Electronic Nails or E-nails

Electronic nails, often called e-nails, are the absolute top of the range dabbing apparatus to use but they come at quite a cost. These usually come equipped with a quartz or titanium dab nail and you don’t need to use a torch to heat them yourself as the heating mechanism comes built into it. For this reason, you can’t overheat or burn the oil and it allows you to choose your temperature so you can choose to do a low temperature dab which will allow you take in the full terpene expression. The downside to these is that they’re expensive, maybe running you up to a couple of hundred dollars. They’re also bulky which is not good for discretion or dab rigs that you use for their portable convenience.

Domed vs. Domeless Nails

domeless quartz dab nails heat up fastThe next thing to discuss when it comes to dab nails are the domed and domeless options. The first thing to understand is that the domeless nails already have ventilation holes built into them. They have good built in airflow and therefore don’t need any added pieces. On the other hand, the domed nails require an extra piece called a glass “dome” or a “hood” which collects the vapor so you can pull the vapor through easily.

 

Carb Caps

These are caps that are designed to allow you to control and retain vapor so that you don’t lose expensive concentrate unwillingly. Carb caps allow you to put a hit on hold so you can take a moment to regather yourself if necessary. If nail temperature is too low then the oil might just sit there evaporating. Carb caps trap the vapor so that you can consume it when you’re ready.

Now that you get the idea of how each dab nail type works, you can experiment with the different varieties that seem best for you. Dabbing is such a new experience for many that your knowledge might go toward helping others too. The most important things to keep in mind when dabbing are to never directly touch the end of a nail after it’s been heated, never touch the oil and of course be careful when heating your nail with the torch. Beyond that, safely enjoy the weird and wonderful world of dabbing armed with knowledge!

 

What is Reclaim? And Why Should it Be Part of Your Dabbing Experience?

what-is-reclaim-and-are-you-wasting-it

What is reclaim? It’s best to start at the beginning. Almost every consistent smoker has had a day when, for whatever reason, we simply run out of weed and can’t get anymore. On these days, the bottom of the barrel comes to light. After smoking weed from a pipe or bong for a while, resin builds up. It’s in one of these utterly desperate moments that we may decide to start scraping the resin out of the pipe or bong so that we can smoke it and have a high that doesn’t exactly taste good but still does the job. Aside from that haunting flavor, the resin from flower does the job in a crunch but, at the end of the day, it has a way lower THC content and it’s definitely not healthy. It’s mostly made up of tar which is really not the ideal thing to smoke.

Researching the Composition of Reclaim

what-is-reclaim-for-dabs-and-are-you-saving-it

It may not be much to look at but you still don’t want to waste the reclaim from your dabs.

With dabs though, rather than consuming flower, we are consuming oils which means that the residual material doesn’t contain tar. This brings us back to the original question: What is reclaim? As you can probably already guess, reclaim is the residual substance leftover from dabbing. Over time, you usually start to see a buildup of oily globs sitting in the water of your rig. This residual matter is known as reclaim and the oily substance can be collected over time and re-smoked. It’s a substance that has been tested for cannabinoids and studies conducted by Scott Churchill, the Director of Methodology at MCR Labs, found that reclaim did in fact contain all 5 cannabinoids that are present in marijuana and that each of these cannabinoids was active. It was especially high in CBN, which is a mild psychoactive compound found in marijuana that produces a sense of heaviness and drowsiness.

Are You Collecting Your Reclaim?

The best, highest quality reclaim oil tested by Churchill was the kind that collected in the rigs and dropdown. You can collect that oil over time and create your own batch of reclaim for those rainy days when things get desperate. Just make sure you are collecting the orange, brown residue and that you are storing it in the best possible way. A silicon puck is recommended for this. Dabbing the reclaim is so close to being as good as dabbing concentrate that not collecting it for future use is actually a major waste of a perfectly good resource.

What is Reclaim Like When Eaten?

Dabbing isn’t the only way to consume the reclaim either. You can also eat it although if you choose to consume it as food, be very moderate with the dose. Likewise you can choose to add it to hot chocolate, alcoholic cocktails, spread it on toast or add it to any other recipe so long as, once again, you consume it with great care and moderation. Start with a tiny amount. Test your product and build up slowly if necessary. You can also use the reclaim to make a pill or tincture or even use it as an oil and rub it on your skin. You can even spread a little on a pre-rolled cigarette. There are dozens of ways to consume the reclaim and of course dabbing is most definitely one of them.

The Healthiness of Ingesting Reclaim

health-impacts-of-ingesting-dabs-reclaim

There are a variety of ways to ingest reclaim from your extracts.

So we’ve discussed the nature of reclaim. Now we need to know what is reclaim consumption like as far as our health is concerned. Is it perfectly healthy to ingest this leftover substance? The truth is, this is really dependent on whether your dabs were of a high quality to begin with. Some concentrates are made using BHO which means they are filled with butane gas. As you can probably imagine, the leftovers from these kinds of dabs are not going to be the greatest quality. The best kind of dabs, in particular for the best quality reclaim, are the C2O kind and solventless dabs. These will give you the healthiest, purest reclaim and, of course, when you’re dabbing you want the best quality. Therefore, concentrates of this variety are a better pick anyway.

The Best Way to Collect Your Reclaim

So now that we know what reclaim is and what kind of dabs are the best kind for creating it, it’s time to discover the best way of collecting your material. The oily goo in the rig needs to get out somehow and be separated from the water and scraped off the sides of your rig. So what’s the best way to do this? There are a couple of techniques you can try but alcohol tends to offer the easiest option. The first thing to do is get a high proof alcohol, like Everclear. Regular liquors won’t be strong enough so be sure to use the high proof variety. Pour the alcohol into the rig and allow it to sit for at least 10 minutes. If you have a lot of buildup, let it sit for a longer period. Now cover all the open holes and shake the alcohol through your rig. Keep shaking until you’ve managed to get all the residue off the rig and into the alcohol. Now pour this solution into a glass dish or into a Pyrex container and cover it with aluminum foil. Allow the mixture to sit for a couple of days until the alcohol has completely evaporated and then scrape up the remains and store them in a safe container.

As you can see, there’s a goldmine being left in your rig, usable in a dozen different ways, including dabbing. Just be sure to use the highest quality solventless dabs and then collect the goods. Be aware that it won’t be the greatest flavor but it also won’t be utterly terrible. Also the quality of the high will be slightly different due to the reclaim being higher in CBN, which will most likely make you a little more sleepy. Having said that, reclaim still contains THC, the other uplifting psychoactive ingredient in marijuana as well as all the other compounds that are generally found in marijuana so it will still give you a great high. The best idea is start collecting your reclaim and explore the variety of ways you can make this orange-ish brown sticky goo work for you.

 

Three Ways to Germinate Marijuana Seeds

how to germinate marijuana seedsWith recreational marijuana initiatives on the ballots of 8 more states this November and a recent 9th circuit appeals ruling against the Fed’s ability to prosecute medical marijuana cases against defendants in compliance with state laws, there has never been a safer time to grow weed. Big tobacco companies have had marijuana cigarette brand names trademarked since the 1960’s but regardless of what happens post-legalization, there will always be a market for high quality cannabis; and what better way to ensure quality than to grow your own? In this article, we’ll take a look at the first and most critical stage of growing marijuana— germination of seeds.

The Best Plants Come from SeedIMG_1224

So you’ve decided to grow your own bud but you’re lucky enough to have options— you can get some seeds or you pick up some clones. Which should you choose?

While clones are a convenient way to skip the first few weeks of growth and not worry about sexing (males are usually undesirable), they don’t exhibit the same vigorous growth or fruiting of a plant grown from seed. Additionally, clones have the genetic age of the plant they were cut from and can often be older and more susceptible to disease and undesirable mutations (as well as hermaphroditism).

Growing from seed is not only incredibly easy but plants grown from seed exhibit faster, more vigorous growth and a greater tolerance for the conditions they’re grown in (particularly important if you grow outdoors in hot, dry areas). While clones are often susceptible to “shock” under changing conditions, seed-grown plants rarely exhibit such a slowdown in growth thanks to more robust cell structure in the roots— that’s why we recommend all connoisseurs and especially newbies grow from seed! Cloning is really a technique to be used in large-scale production, not for the “private reserve.”

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Seeds come in different sizes and colors so we rely on the “squeeze” test

Cannabis seeds come in a truly astounding number of sizes and colors

Three Easy Methods

When it comes to germinating seeds there are three techniques that almost everyone uses; the traditional method, the paper towel method, and the cup method. First you need check the viability of your seeds— the most reliable way to test viability of a seed before planting is to squeeze it between your thumb and forefinger. If it cracks, the seed was probably not going to germinate, if it doesn’t crack under the pressure then you likely have a viable seed! Cannabis seeds come in a truly astounding number of sizes and colors, some with markings and some without, so it’s important to use the “squeeze test” and not rely on looks alone! Once you’ve separated viable seeds from non-viable seeds, you’re ready to germinate.

The Traditional Method

The traditional method is, as you might have expected, just to plant the seed in some moist, high quality organic soil about 1/4” to 1/2” deep. If you keep the soil moist and in a warm place (perhaps on a windowsill), seedlings are likely to pop up after 3-5 days! Some seeds can take a little longer, especially if they’ve been sitting around for a few years (we’ll cover a few tricks for those at the end of this article).

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Drain excess water and place the towel in a bag to prevent evaporation

The Paper Towel Method

A favorite among pot growers for decades, the paper towel method allows you to see the taproot pop out of the seed before you put it in your growing medium. This is ideal if you intend to use a soilless medium like rock wool cubes where you need the taproot to point downwards. Simply fold your seeds inside a paper towel so it’s wrapped around them like a pouch and then wet the paper towel with some tap water. Allow the excess water to drain from the towel (you should be able to see your seeds wrapped inside) and then place the paper towel and seeds inside a ziplock bag to prevent evaporation. Check every 24 hours for a taproot and then remove any seeds that pop as soon as possible to prevent the roots from gripping on to the paper towel (if they do don’t worry, just remove the seed with the little bit of paper towel attached and plant that. Do NOT try to rip the seed off the paper towel as that can damage your fragile taproot!). Remember to be especially carefully of the taproot, avoid touching it with your fingers and make sure it faces down when you plant it so the seed doesn’t spend energy flipping itself over!

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The floating seeds will sprout tap roots

The Cup Method

Perhaps the easiest of all germination methods; simply drop seeds in a cup of water and cover. If left undisturbed, seeds will float on top of the water and sprout a taproot in 24-72 hours. If left longer, roots will grow downward without any negative effects (which is what makes this easier than the paper towel method). The one thing to be careful of is that after 24 hours seeds can sink and drown if disturbed too much. Again, once the taproot appears, plant in the desired medium with the root facing down.

Old, Stubborn Seeds

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tap roots have just sprouted, time to place in the growing medium with the tip facing down!

While almost all marijuana strains germinate within two weeks (unlike some of the hottest peppers which can take a month), some older seeds need a little more love to get them to germinate. A 24 hour water soak is almost always beneficial to germination of cannabis seeds and sometimes a light sanding of the outer shell— called “scarification”— can help water penetrate the husk to reach the germ in the seed. Some people choose to put their seeds in the freezer for a few days prior to germination to simulate winter and bring seeds out of dormancy. Regardless, if its been three weeks and you aren’t seeing a root or any swelling within the seeds, its time to throw in the towel and start over!

You Can Do It!

Hopefully this post will help some of you curious dabbers break into the wonderful world of home growing! After all, you can’t blast live resin without some fresh frozen buds… and what better way to get some fresh buds than to pick ‘em yourself? Stay tuned for more growing tips and keep dabbin’

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Seedlings have sprouted and germination is complete!

The Secrets to a Successful Tolerance Break

Tolerance-2From a toxicology standpoint, there are few substances less harmful to the human body than marijuana but as Daily Dabbers, we often test the ability of our bodies to process THC leading to ridiculously high tolerances and a decrease in the benefits we enjoy from dabbing. If you’ve got a tolerance that makes single dabs feel like nothing or that’s affecting your day-to-day life, it’s probably time to start addressing it! In this article, we’ll discuss why tolerance happens and how you can plan a successful Tolerance Break to bring that tolerance down with as few negative side effects as possible!

What is Tolerance?

Tolerance describes the phenomenon of a drug becoming less effective used frequently over time. With regards to a psychoactive substance like THC in marijuana, this occurs on both a physical and mental level:

On the mental side of things, it’s easy to become conditioned to being high for doing daily activities. Eating food? Take a dab. Get home? Take a dab. Do anything? Take a dab. Once you begin to work dabbing into part of your daily routine, it can start to become more of a habit and lose the enjoyable qualities it provides— relaxation, creativity, peace of mind. It can also begin to affect how you spend your time not dabbing; if you’ve ever skipped out on something you would otherwise like doing except you wouldn’t be able to dab for a few hours, that’s not right! It should also be considered that if you spend most of your time high, is consuming marijuana really allowing you to alter your consciousness or is it enabling you to escape reality? It’s hard to notice an altered state of mind if that’s what you’re used to!

On the physical level, THC binds mostly to receptors in the brain called CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors. These receptors exist naturally in everyone’s brain and were thought to exist exclusively for THC until the discovery of Anandamide in 1992 (a naturally occurring substance in humans and animals that mediate many of the functions marijuana seems to affect— no surprise there). Like many receptors in the brain, these CB receptors are essentially small molecular structures that stick out of the brain and have puzzle-piece like ends that only fit with specific other molecules (in this case cannabinoids and anandamide). Once a receptor is activated, it tends to recede into the brain so it can recover before being activated again.

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Illustration of a CB1 receptor extruding from a nueron

Physical tolerance begins to occur when you have fewer and fewer receptors available to bind with THC. If you continue to flood your brain with THC, it can temporarily wear out the receptors and really make dabbing ineffective. The good news is that it’s only temporary— the bad news is that the only cure is to abstain from consuming THC and allow your receptors to recover.

The Keys to a Successful Tolerance Break

While simply “taking a break” sounds simple, it can prove incredibly difficult; especially if you’re a heavier user. Withdrawal is a very real part of almost any marijuana detox and though the severity depends mostly on how much THC was being consumed, there are steps one can take to reduce these negative symptoms and increase the chances of a successful tolerance break.

    1. Set a Timeline

Planning is key with a tolerance break and setting a timeline is the first step towards a successful detox! Depending on why you’re taking a T-break, you’ll want to set an endpoint somewhere between 2-8 weeks. A week will help reduce weaker tolerances but if you’re a heavy dabber, you’ll want to take more time especially if you plan on passing a drug test (it usually takes about a month for metabolites to leave your system). It generally takes most people 2-3 weeks before all withdrawal symptoms are completely gone which is why we recommend a 2-week minimum break. You’ll also want to plan for feeling under the weather for the first couple days after taking a break— it might be a good idea to schedule important dates before or a few weeks after you start your break if you have such a luxury.

    2. Taper Down Use

You can severely reduce the most disruptive side effects of withdrawal by tapering down your use before stopping completely. Heavy dabbers would be wise to continue smoking moderate amounts of bud after abstaining from dabbing and then taper down on bud before taking a full T-break— the withdrawals from heavy concentrate use can be very unpleasant when stopping cold turkey.

    3. Clean Your Rig and Put It Away

cleanrigOut of sight, out of mind— after you’ve binged your stash away, it’s time to clean the rig and put it somewhere inconvenient to reduce temptation (it’s usually easier to do this immediately after you’ve finished your stash while you still feel good about your decision, lol). If you have a trustworthy friend who you can leave your rig with, there’s no better way to hide your rig than to get it out of your possession. 

    4.Distract Yourself

Acoustic guitar with notesYour brain generally doesn’t like changes to the usual routine and you might find yourself facing unusual boredom, driving your thoughts back towards marijuana use— the key is to keep yourself busy so you don’t have time for these thoughts! This is your opportunity to be productive. Plan some activities for yourself that you’ve always wanted to do, meet new people who don’t necessarily smoke weed. Getting out and involved with people in the world outside cannabis can be incredibly rewarding and you may find yourself so consumed that you’re barely at home facing temptation.

    5. Focus on Health

The first week, in particular, is usually most difficult when it comes to insomnia, lack of appetite and nausea but despite feeling bad, it’s important to stay focused on good health for the most rapid recovery. You need to treat your T-break recovery the same way athletes treat their recovery— professionally. Eat light, high-quality, nutrient-dense rich meals like chicken and rice with steamed vegetables; if you can only stomach a few bites at a time eat smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day and try to keep your calories up so your body can do its work to readjust. Drink lots of water and avoid sugary foods that can make you feel bad. Boiling fresh peeled ginger root makes an excellent tea that fights nausea and settles the stomach.

It’s also incredibly important to exercise. Exercise will help release natural endorphins and release stored THC in fat which will naturally help you taper the cannabinoids in your system while simultaneously detoxing. The calorie burn both helps drive appetite and releases chemicals that help with sleep at night. You don’t need to stick to running but generally, aerobic exercise will be more effective than something like weightlifting (though both are good!). Don’t forget to treat yourself either!

You Can Do It

massageNobody is saying it’s easy but if you can rid yourself of temptation and stick to these guidelines, you’re guaranteed to drop that tolerance and have as pain-free a detox as humanly possible. Remember that taking a T-break isn’t a break from happiness, just weed! Be sure to take care of your mental health and treat yourself to some rewards. With all the money you save not buying bud/concentrates, you might get yourself to a massage, start that hobby you’ve always been interested in, buy yourself something nice that will keep you busy… You deserve it! After a few weeks, you won’t even be thinking about weed.

At that point, you’re done! You’ll have a whole new perspective with which to appreciate weed and you’ll get higher than you can remember off your first hit. Get ready for flashbacks of your first time smoking— you’ll probably even wait to lay off the concentrates until you’ve built up some tolerance. And if you find yourself too tempted before you reach your planned end-date don’t fret too much; you can do better next time! It gets easier with practice.

Stay lifted friends.

What Determines The Price of a Rig?

dab rig price

Check the inventory of any head shop and it’ll be hard not to notice the wide range of prices on functionally similar glass pieces. It goes without saying that bigger, heavier pieces consisting of more glass should cost more but why would a disk-perc dab rig from one manufacturer cost $100 more than someone else’s? How can you tell “good quality” glass from “bad quality” glass?  In this article, we’ll cover why not all glass is created equal and help you figure out if you’re paying a fair price for a piece.

Borosilicate Glass

glass_fireWith rare exception, glass pipes are made out of pyrex aka borosilicate glass (also called just boro). This glass is much harder and more heat-resistant than typical soft glass (lime glass) and requires a much hotter working temperature. The key to borosilicate’s resilience is the presence of boron which gives the material a low coefficient of expansion— a measure of how much the glass expands when heated. This reduced expansion provides for much higher thermal resistance which makes it perfect for tough, heat resistant glass vessels; everything from vacuum manifolds to dab rigs (which is why dab rigs don’t explode into a million tiny pieces when you hit them with a torch! A propane torch is barely hot enough to dull a sharp point of borosilicate glass but can easily melt soft glass).

good vs bad seal

A good seal to cobalt glass (top) and a bad seal to grey glass (bottom). Note how the color transitions to the clear.

In addition to boron, colored borosilicate contains extra elements which affect the glass’ coefficient of expansion. Cobalt in dark blue glass requires extra heat to melt with while colors like white and yellow require more delicate heat to avoid boiling color out of the glass (turning grey). Some colors contain small amounts of silver which crystalize and form iridescent colors— all these colors require extra more expensive materials and extra effort by the glass blower which drive prices of the final product up. The more time a glass artist has to spend on a piece, the more justified he/she is in charging extra!

Determining Quality of Craftsmanship

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The downstem on this rig is placed too high up on the can; that’s a design flaw.

While artists are justified in charging more for pieces which are more difficult / take longer to create, there are certain physical flaws which can drive the price a particular piece down. Bubbles in the glass are almost always undesirable and can be signs of weakness in the glass, it’s the same with any pitting or seams that aren’t smooth to the touch. On bongs and bubblers, you should always inspect the joint between the can (where the water goes) and the mouthpiece / bowl carefully making sure there’s a smooth, melted connection. Check the walls of the glass and see if you notice any places where it seems particularly thick or thin— this is an indication the piece wasn’t finished properly and should be avoided at all costs.  Sometimes there are artistic design flaws— I once was once able to purchase a 7-armed octopus bubbler for 60% off

 

In recent years, the market has been flooded by cheap

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Flaws: 1. Bubbles, 2. Scar from working the glass, 3. hairline crack. Inspect carefully!

Chinese glass with low quality control; these are hastily made assembly line rigs which often have sloppy welds and uneven features. Still, unlike smaller Chinese dry pipes (which should be absolutely avoided), many of these rigs are totally functional and can make a good bargain purchase for under $100. More renowned manufacturers like Roor are guaranteed to function well but you often end up paying extra for the brand name with no practical benefits (especially these days with so many incredible glass artists working in the US).

 

If The Price is Right


Let’s summarize what we know! A piece should cost more if:

  • It’s bigger / heavier
  • it uses colored glass (especially cobalt, light matte colors and silver-infused colors)
  • It has more design and work put in to it

It should cost less if:

  • It has bubbles / pits / seams
  • it’s misshapen or uneven
  • there are design flaws
  • it’s made in China


So next time you’re out shopping for a simple clear rig, don’t get tricked into paying more than $100! You can find some very fine options for around $50 or less. If you’re on the market for more of an art p, remember to look out for defects and make sure everything has been melted in properly! It never hurts to contact artists directly, many will make commission pieces at surprisingly good prices (especially lesser known artists). Good luck and happy hunting!

How to Make Closed Column BHO and Live Resin

how-to-make-Bho-and-live-resinThere’s no denying the facts anymore: dabbing has become the premiere method cannabis consumption among weed connoisseurs. The golden, terpene rich concentrates available on the market today are a vast improvement from the dark, harsh oils that were once mass produced only years ago thanks largely to improvements in commercially available extractions systems.

These “closed loop” systems have not only improved overall quality of products on the market but they also offer much greater safety profile in comparison to the old popular “open blasting” techniques responsible for creating lower quality concentrate (not to mention ‘explosive’ headlines for the newspapers). A simple google search will show that these “closed loop” systems cost thousands of dollars and require special tanks and vacuum pumps but in fact, one can use the same principles to produce very high quality shatter / live resin for a fraction of the price. In this article, we will outline a simple, closed-system method of extracting cannabis to produce the highest quality extracts for under $400.

Disclaimer: The following information is for educational purposes only! Solvent-based cannabis extractions are illegal under federal and local drug lab laws and can be extremely dangerous. Such extractions should only be performed by trained professionals in licensed facilities in compliance with local laws and regulations.

A “closed loop” extraction system is one in which butane is constantly run over resin-rich plant material where it solvates THC, enters a collection chamber, evaporates, and then is re-condensed to be re-run over cannabis again (thus reducing the amount of solvent needed). As a cheaper alternative, we will be electing to use a “pressurized closed soak” method where butane and cannabis will be combined in a closed, pressurized column and allowed to soak for 45 minutes to ensure extraction efficiency. With this method, butane cannot be recycled (it must be evaporated off into the atmosphere, a costly prospect for mass production) but the quality of product is top tier and one can produce some incredible live resins when the extraction is done correctly and with care. It is an excellent alternative for people who wish to make smaller, less frequent batches of concentrates. For this method, you will need the following:

  • 1x Triclamp sanitary stainless steel spool (1.5” diameter, length depending on how much material you wish to run, we suggest anywhere from 6”-36”)
  • 1x Triclamp VITON screen gasket 20 mesh (1.5” diameter)
  • 1x Triclamp VITON gasket (1.5” diameter)
  • 2x Triclamp top cap w/ lance valve (matching diameter)closed-column-pressure-extractor-90-gram-107_1
  • 2x Single pin triclamp (bestvacs includes one with legs welded on)

(bestvaluevacs.com sells all of the above as a kit starting at $170)

  • 1x FJC vacuum pump, 1.5cfm and ($80 at Harbor Freight)
  • 1x vacuum chamber and appropriate vacuum hosing (you can try to make your own but good ones can be purchased for $100 online)
  • 1x case of butane (Whip-it! Sells the most pure canisters and they contain 400ml whereas most other brands come in 300ml canisters)
  • 1x pyrex dish
  • 1x Parchment paper
  • 1x Dank marijuanas, preferably freshly cut and frozen buds for live resin.
  • (optional) a pot of hot water a.k.a. a hot water bath.
  • (optional) dry ice and a cooler / container that will fit your spool with the end caps on.

The dry ice is particularly important if you wish to make live resin. If using cured buds, the cooling process is less essential but will still help create a lighter, more desirable extract.

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frozen buds are easier to break down into small particles without grinding, dry ice gets the job done in minutes

Step 1: Prepare Buds Collect your plant material use your hands to break down larger nugs into a more manageable size as we will be packing the plant material into the stainless steel spool / column. You want to avoid grinding the buds because cutting the plant cell wall will allow chlorophyll to be more readily extracted by our butane resulting in a darker color and harsher taste (remember, all THC is on the OUTSIDE of the plant leaf in the trichomes!). Frozen buds are particularly brittle and easy to “nug bust” by hand in a plastic bag so even if you aren’t making live resin with fresh frozen buds, we recommend you freeze your plant material anyway (remember to remove as much air as possible from the bag to reduce the formation of ice crystals)

Step 2: Pack the Column Now that your buds are broken down into ~5mm particles, you’ll want to gently pack your stainless steel column with the mesh screen clamped to the bottom to prevent buds from falling all the way through. The key is to not pack the tube too tightly or else butane will form channels in the column and some buds won’t come in contact with the solvent. Use a rod of some kind to tamp down the plant material in the tube every few grams or so to ensure even packing. Once the column is packed completely, secure the final gasket and top cap with your second clamp and close both valves on either end of your extractor. If you are making live resin or have dry ice and a cooler available, you should allow your tube to cool under the dry ice for at least 20 minutes to ensure buds (and residual water) inside are completely frozen. WARNING: the metal will be cold enough to burn your skin, use insulated gloves (or oven mits) to protect your hands!

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Butane can be injected directly into the top valve

Step 3: Vacuum and Extraction Time to use that vacuum pump! Attach the vacuum to the bottom of the extractor (the side with the mesh screen) using your vacuum hose, open the bottom valve and pull vacuum on your extractor column. It shouldn’t take more than a second and you will be able to hear the vacuum make a softer gurgle once its reached maximum vacuum. Cycle the valve (open and close it) twice to make sure you’ve pulled as much vacuum as you can, then close the valve and turn off the vacuum pump (the FJC model allows you to release pressure via a screwable cap where the hose attaches, this will make it easier to remove the hose from your extractor once its under vac). Now it’s time to make the magic happen! Selecting the appropriate adapter from the butane canister cap you can directly inject butane into the top of the extractor by opening the valve. The negative pressure will suck butane into the column so be sure your canister is releasing butane just before you open the top valve on your extractor (or else you’ll suck in air which takes up butane space!). Listen closely to the butane canister— once the column is fully pressurized with butane you will hear the butane stop flowing from the canister. You may need to use more than one canister depending on how big your column is. After the column has been fully pressurized with butane, we suggest you place the entire primed extractor back into your dry ice cooler (if you have one/ are making live resin). The cold temperature reduces the solubility of water and other undesirables in butane which always leads to lighter colored, more desirable extracts.

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Mother liquor ready for vac chamber

Step 4:  Separate Mother Liquor After about 45 minutes, your extraction will have reached optimal completeness. Remove your extractor from the cold and with your pyrex dish placed carefully underneath your bottom valve, slowly and gently turn the valve so butane begins to drip into the dish. If you release the valve too quickly, butane will spew out and create a giant, flammable, sticky mess. Controlled flow is key! Cycle the valve (open and close it) when the butane stream starts to sputter to allow gasses from the top of the column to push liquid down through the bottom. When there’s little butane left, place the column outside and release both valves to allow residual butane gas to escape. You now have a pyrex dish filled with our butane mother liquor and it should have a vibrant yellow color to it. You can attempt to try another run with the spent material but its rarely worth the solvent required as the first extraction tends to capture 80-90% of the desired cannabinoids.

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Purged live resin– incredible flavor and potency, no fancy system required

Step 5: Purge the Solvent The final step is the removal of excess butane which can be detected by taste at even a few hundred ppm. Leaving your pyrex dish of mother liquor in a well ventilated area will allow much of the butane to evaporate off but to speed things up we recommend placing your pyrex dish in a another bowl of shallow warm water (remember, butane is highly flammable so be sure the dish is nowhere near any open flames— warm the water up elsewhere!) Once the liquid has reduced substantially (but not completely), its recommended to pour off the thickening resin into a dish lined with parchment paper so your final product is easier to remove. All that’s left is to throw this dish into your vacuum chamber and pull the chamber down to about -28 mmHG (or as far as you can take it). Most people like to leave it under vacuum for as long as 24 hours but you can achieve a faster purge by cycling the pressure of the chamber every hour or so (placing your chamber in a warm water bath will also speed things up). You should be left with a beautiful, golden terpy sap! The final test is the taste test (don’t worry, butane is essentially non-toxic) and you will be able to tell if your extraction needs some extra purging or if you did things just right!

It can seem a bit overwhelming at first but the process is rather straightforward. In short, the best extractions are done as cold as possible with the strongest, freshest material one can find. Cured buds will produce less tasty, colorful extracts but this “closed column” method both reduces the amount of butane necessary and provides an significantly safer method to open blasting (albeit slightly more complicated and expensive). Of course unless you have access to cheap, high quality bud… it’s almost always more economical (and safer) to purchase from the experts! Remember, you can go to jail for making this stuff (but not necessarily possessing it). Consider your risks carefully and stay lifted!