Absolute Shatter: Make Your Own!

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Alright dabbers, let’s face it: most of us just can’t puff on live resin all the time. For those of you who live in states where medical marijuana is outlawed, it can be particularly difficult to find clean concentrates of reasonably high quality. Even in California, it’s not uncommon for people to settle for darker, harsher, less expensive concentrates processed under less-than-optimal conditions when options are slim or money is tight.

Luckily, there are several processing methods one can use to clean these concentrates— one method, commonly referred to now as “winterization,” is particularly safe and can be used to further purify even high-quality concentrates.

Winterization

Butane-extracted hash oil tends to be a mix of cannabinoids, terpenes, lipids and other plant waxes that get pulled out by the solvent during extraction.

In order to separate the active cannabinoids and terpenes from inactive plant waxes via winterization, the concentrate must be redissolved in a new solvent (ethanol aka grain alcohol) that is liquid at room temperature so its solvability can be more easily manipulated by temperature.

Once the concentrate is dissolved, the mixture can be cooled such that the inactive waxes and lipids precipitate out of the solution (form solids) which can then be filtered, leaving you with a pure cannabinoid/terpenoid mixture.

The resulting resin is known as absolute shatter because it contains no inactive impurities.

Make Absolute Shatter

In order to convert your concentrate (any kind of hash!) into absolute shatter, you’ll need the following:

Grain Alcohol (Everclear)

(optional) 5A molecular sieves if you only obtain 151 proof Everclear

Metal funnel

Round coffee filters

Freezer

hotplate or a hot water bath (pot of water)

Glass containers

(optional) A/C vac and a vacuum chamber, preferably with a cold trap

Step 1: Preparation

AbsoluteShatter - 1First about the alcohol: if you live in a state where you can obtain 190 proof grain alcohol then all you have to do is buy a bottle and you’re ready to go!

Those of us who can only obtain 151 proof are wise to purchase a few lbs of molecular sieves from a legitimate lab supply store online in order to dry out 151 proof alcohol.

Molecular sieves are zeolite pebbles with pores just big enough to trap water molecules. Slowly pour the alcohol into a mason jar (preferably cooling in ice, the reaction gets HOT!) and let it sit overnight to allow particles to settle at the bottom and the water to be trapped by the sieves… you can leave the alcohol in that container until you’ve used it all (at which point you should burn off the remaining alcohol outside and then bake the sieves in the oven at max heat for a few hours to dry them out…. 

Be careful not to put alcohol
soaked sieves in the oven, the fumes can ignite and pop the oven door open… dry them or soak them in water first)

Step 2: Dissolution and Separation

Once your alcohol is ready, it’s time to get to it. Combine the alcohol and concentrate in a glass container and heat it up with your hotplate or water bath such that all solid particles have dissolved, it takes a few minutes.AbsoluteShatter - 11

I’ve found about 30ml of alcohol per gram concentrate is sufficient, it’s preferable to use as little alcohol as possible since you’ll be evaporating it off later.

After your concentrate has fully dissolved in the hot alcohol, cover the container and carefully place it in the freezer overnight along with the funnel and another container— we need these to be cold.

When you come back in the morning, you will see some solids floating in solution. Those are the inactive waxes! Time to filter these out.

Fold the coffee filter in half then in half again so it’s a quarter circle.

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With the pointy side facing down, pull out a single of the filter so it forms a cone-shaped pocket like those cheap cups you see in office water coolersAbsoluteShatter - 17

Stick this in the frozen funnel and let it sit in the freezer for a few minutes to make sure it’s cold.

Now you’ll want to position the funnel-with-filter so its resting over your empty frozen container and  slowly pour your alcohol-concentrate mixture through the filter.AbsoluteShatter - 22

You’ll want to use a mason jar or some other container that makes it easy to rest the funnel and let the solution filter with the freezer door closed.

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If the solution warms up, the waxes will dissolve back into solution… the colder the better!

Step 3: Evaporation

You will be left with wax residue in the filter (throw this away) and a container full of frozen mother liquor full of your purified concentrate. All you have to do is pour this liquid into a dish and evaporate off the alcohol and you’ll be home free! There are two ways to do this:

Method 1: (no vac) if you pour the liquor off into a thin layer, the alcohol will evaporate off with just a little air circulation (you can put it somewhere warm to speed things up).

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Method 2: you can use a vacuum chamber to “cold boil” off the alcohol but if your pump uses vacuum oil, a cold trap is advised to capture alcohol fumes which quickly ruin clean pump oil.

Check the consistency, it should form a fairly stable shatter once fully purged (and even if not fully purged, you’re just vaporizing small amounts of ethanol which reacts with water) and even darker absolute shatter tends to be exceptionally smooth and enjoyable since no long plant molecules are being burned.

As always, use an abundance of caution (with regards to safety and publicity)! Alcohol is still flammable! But don’t be afraid to try this process on a small scale if you have a hard time finding good quality concentrate.

Stay safe, stay educated, happy dabbing!

Rosin: The Death of BHO?

rosin the death of bho

Up until very recently the term “Rosin” has almost exclusively referred to the bi-product obtained from pine tree sap— after the sap is distilled to cook off and collect more volatile components (mainly terpenes, this is how the solvent Turpentine is created!), you’re left with a tacky resinous cake used in everything from violin bows to pharmaceuticals. These days, however, the term “rosin” has been popping up more and more with regards to Cannabis.

Cannabis Rosin

Though the idea cannabis rosin has been around since the early 2000s, it really exploded in popularity at the end of 2014 when it started gaining traction in the forums as a solventless alternative to BHO.

In March of 2015, YouTuber and cannabis enthusiast John Berfelo posted videos entitled The Death of BHO which really set the internet ablaze— he showed how anyone could make beautiful golden dabs with a little bud, some parchment paper, and a hair straightener.

rosin tech video

Since then, rosin has become the hottest topic in the cannabis world complete with a new set of products dubbed “rosin tech”… but is rosin really the death of BHO?

Of course not.

It’s true, the process of making rosin is much safer and more legal than running a butane extraction, but it also has its own drawbacks. To create rosin, trichomes (either on the bud or separated via dry sift) are heated and pressed in parchment paper with a hair straightener so that volatile oils inside the trichome heads can break free of the cuticle and re-condense along the edges of the paper. The process of heating the volatile oils causes the lighter terpenes to be lost almost completely, so while THC content remains relatively the same (in fact, the heat helps decarboxylate THC-A into THC), rosin dabs have significantly less flavor than BHO, particularly compared to live resin where terpenes are specifically preserved.

rosin t shirt pressRosin also becomes difficult for anyone trying to scale up beyond what a single hobbyist can do with a hair straightener. Since industrial rosin processing involves large-scale distillation which creates many grades (fractions) of product and is technically beyond the ability of most people making cannabis rosin,  many in the cannabis industry have turned to things like small-mesh filtered “tea bags” and t-shirt presses to create rosin at scale but it seems like a work in progress. With purging technology as good as it is and the popularity of sub-zero, closed loop butane extraction, I think it’s safe to say that BHO is going to remain king of concentrates for quite some time.

Make Your Own

That being said, rosin is a simple safe way for just about anyone to quickly convert their bud into a dab— the worst you can do is burn yourself on a hair straightener. If you’re feeling bold and have some bud to spare, familiarize yourself with the process by watching a few of the countless youtube videos on the subject and give it a shot! If it’s your first time, here’s a few tips we have for you to avoid disappointment:

  1. Use PARCHMENT paper, not wax paper— parchment paper uses a thin film of silicone that won’t melt.
  2. Start with the lowest temperature and slowly work your way up until you find the right setting on your hair straightener. Even those with digital temperature readings aren’t made to be exact and each one will behave slightly differently. Set the temp too high and you’ll vaporize the rosin away! There’s a fine line between perfect heat and too much.
  3. Don’t let the bud move around while you press! It can wipe up the resin collected along the edges. Press, move the bud to a new spot, repeat.

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Good luck and happy dabbing! We’ll be here when you guys get curious about absolute shatter.

How To Properly Season Your Titanium Nail

prep-nail

Keep it Natural

Although there is often a debate concerning the various methods of seasoning your dab nail, some methods work better than others. My opinion has always been to take a natural and balanced approach. Simply by using your titanium nail at low temperatures can build a natural seasoned layer, which serves not only as a protection against oxidation, but also as a way of enhancing the flavor of your medicated concentrates upon inhalation. By applying extracts at mild temperatures between (275-350 degrees Fahrenheit) you’ll be able to create an even, more balanced layer compared to extracts exposed to a higher heating intensity. Less is better in some cases. Dabbing large amounts of concentrates in one hit on an extremely hot titanium nail causes your dabs to vaporize instead of season. This is an important concept to retain while using dabs, especially when butane and propane lighters are involved.

Heating Retention Falsehoods

Borosilicate’s conductivity value is 1.14 W/(Mk), quartz’s value is 1.3W/(Mk) and pure titanium is 21.9 W/(MK). It’s easy to assume that titanium nails have a better retention to heat than borosilicate and quartz based on these numbers; however, this is simply not the case. Titanium can heat up your dabs much faster but they do not retain more heat. Case in point. If you heat titanium for thirty seconds using a butane torch and then heat a glass nail using the same method for the same amount of time, titanium will get much faster. The reason being isn’t because the glass couldn’t retain heat, but because the glass wasn’t heated for a long enough time, due to its low thermal conductivity value compared to that of titanium.  As a good rule of thumb, and based on thermal conductivity alone, it’s safe to say that titanium has a higher thermal conductivity than glass or quartz but not a better retainer of heat.

nail

Don’t Overheat Your Nail!

According to certain scientific sources, it’s ideal for titanium to be cooled just below its Leidenfrost point. Just in case you’re not familiar with scientific terminology, the Leidenfrost point refers to the lowest point that vaporization can occur on a surface, allowing for the entirety of that surface to be covered with vapor. Studies have indicated that water’s Leidenfrost point is approximately 339.8 degrees F on polished surfaces and 504.F on rough surfaces. Based on this info, we can conclude that a brand new titanium nail can be heated for about 20-25 seconds until it’s about 25% red hot. Applying dabs to a nail that’s between 350-400 degrees is the ideal temp for keeping flavor and under the temperature of releasing titanium oxide gas.

9 New Ways To Enjoy Marijuana

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9 ways to enoy marijuana)

Vape Pens and Hash Oil: Revolutionizing Cannabis Culture

vapes and hash oilVape pens represent the leading edge of America’s marijuana revolution.

While bongs, tight joints and big blunts still accomplish their medicinal work with reliable rituals involving rolling and unsavory bong water, the contemporary vaporizer is as easy and portable as its e-cigarette brother.

No one has to know you’re getting your medicine. But if they find out, they’ll be impressed that you’ve got a state-of-the-art vaporizing device that administers mind-blowing doses of clean butane hash oil (BHO) while allowing exhalation of cool, discrete vapor.

The vape pen is to medicinal users of dabs and other THC concentrates what a flask full of single-malt scotch is to the sophisticated nightlife denizen.

The rechargeable dab rig has become de rigueur for live music fans, club-goers, barflies and even foodies who need a quick hit without the production of cigarette-making or pipe-stuffing. In this day and age, who wants to be stuck in a corner holding a lighter to a glass pipe?

BHO and other concentrates commonly used in vape pens as well as dab rigs(wax, shatter, honey oil, dabs) is produced by extracting more pure forms of THC with butane. The process creates bubble hash, “budder,” BHO and more solid concentrates like wax and shatter.

Unfortunately, from 2011 to 2013, the butane used in the process has wreaked some havoc and created alarm for authorities. Butane is essentially lighter fluid, and it’s highly flammable. Some inexperienced amateurs have sparked explosions and fires. In California, a failed, 2014 bill that would have applied new regulations to medical marijuana dispensaries initially included language that would have outlawed concentrates altogether.

But a funny thing happened in the last year or so. The fires subsided and the professionals took over. It’s now possible to obtain BHO, dabs and other concentrates from professional labs that specialize in safe, transparent processes. Just ask your local budtender.

The realization that even low grade marijuana can be turned into high-potency concentrates through this butane process has revolutionized American cannabis culture. Stores in most medical and recreational marijuana states display and sell concentrates front-and-center. The potency and value, even compared to a strong strain of traditional bud, is manifold. It’s the hottest segment in the red-hot pot market.

And so, the stoner’s hour of 4:20 has been transformed into 7:10 which, flipped over, says OIL, as in BHO.

In places like California, Colorado, Washington and more, dab rig users are getting their OIL on at City Council meetings, kids’ soccer games, golf courses, and anywhere else they can puff relatively privately on a pen-sized miracle.

4 Vaporizer Pens for Oil and Wax: Best Buys

vape pens wax oilIn this day and age everything is becoming smaller and more convenient with the help of technology and hash smoking is no different! The “Wax Vape Pen” has come a long way since the introduction of the G Pen and with a seemingly endless number of options available to the consumer today, it’s easy to be overwhelmed by the possibilities while trying to avoid cheap, poorly made pens that can be hazardous to your health.

That being said, many of the pens operate in a very similar fashion (passing a charge through a metal coil to create a heating element) so as long as you’re using a trusted supplier, the best pen for you will depend on your level of experience and your vaping preferences.

Stay Lit Vaporizer Kit

stay lit

If you’re just starting down the path of getting extremely relaxed on the go, the Stay Lit Vaporizer kit is an inexpensive but still high quality way to find yourself and figure out your vaporizing habits. It comes with 4 different attachments (including one for dry herb though it doesn’t work so great) so you can hit any consistency of full-melting concentrate from the most liquid oil to the must crumbly wax. Like most pens, it has a simple on-off push button operation and a locking mode so the battery doesn’t bleed off in your pocket.

Buttonless Vaporizer Pen

If you prefer to vape liquid oil or one of the many glycerinbuttonless vaporizer pen-suspended concentrates, buttonless vapes are the way to go. All you do is load on your pre-filled cartridge and puff away like a cigarette, it automatically turns on and starts vaporizing. It’s an elegant and discreet way to to get medicated.

Micro G Pen Vaporizer

micro g vaporizerIf you tend to stick to waxes and budders, the Micro G Pen offers one of the most reliable names in wax vape pens combines with the ultimate portability. The Micro G is roughly half the length of most other vape pens and though it has a shorter battery life, it has a healthy sized bowl and is even more discreet and convenient than the classic G pen. When stealth is your number 1 priority, this is what you’re looking for.

710 Vaporizer Pen ARK Kit

If the wax vape pen is your vaporization method of choice, then you’re going to want something a little more rugged and fine-tuned to suit your heavier use. The 710 Vaporizer Pen ARK kit contains both the original 710 Mini Battery and the 710 Nano Battery (one for home, one on the go) as well as liquid cartridges and glass domes for each. The large, metal bowls are of the highest quality and make hitting wax or shatter simple without having to worry about a wick. The glass dome ensures you won’t get that nasty “plastic” taste and makes it easy to see how cooked your bowl is (or if you’re spilling). 710-vaporizer-pen-ark-kitMost impressive though, is the heat up time. For so many metal components, these pens manage to heat up in a matter of seconds and the battery can easily last an entire day+ at a time with regular use (better than your smartphone!).

Whether you’re just starting out or you’re looking to upgrade your current setup, there’s bound to be a pen out there for you! Always remember to use a reliable source when purchasing a vaporizer!

Essential Dab Tools

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dabbing-tools

What’s the Difference Between Male and Female Water Pipes?

male vs female concentrate pipes

There can be a lot of confusion in today’s dabbing world, especially when it comes to concentrate/water pipes in their relation to nail size. One of the main problems that we see from amateur dab heads in the industry is the ability to discern between a male or a female water pipe/concentrate pipe. As a general rule of thumb, most water pipes/bongs are going to be female in nature meaning, a device, usually a downstem or bowl,  goes inside the pipe, where as with a concentrate pipe, which is usually male in nature, bowls and downstems can be probed with the pipe. (similar to male/female genitalia) *wink wink*

Here are examples for a better understanding of what the difference between a male and female pipe typically is.

Female Water Pipe (Straight Percolator Beaker Water Pipe) 

In the following diagram displaying the Straight Percolator Beaker Water Pipe, the downstem is inserted within the female part, and then the bowl is inserted into the downstem. Pipes of this nature are best used with cannabis flowers or buds.

waterpipe_2

Male Concentrate Pipe (10 Inch Single Dome Stemless Honeycomb 14mm)

In the following diagram displaying the 10 Inch Single Dome Stemless Honeycomb 14mm concentrate pipe the glass nail is placed within the male part and then the bowl is placed over the inserted glass nail inside the male part. Pipes of this nature are best used with dabs or medicated concentrates.

concentrate_pipe

 

Vape Pen Review: Smooth 2 Loaded Vaporizer Gold (Wax & Oil Pen)

vape pen

Now that you’ve been well versed as to how vaporizer pens work and operate, we wanted to review one of the best, and shockingly, most cost effective marijuana concentrate or dab vaporizers on the market to date.  The Smooth 2 Loaded Vaporizer Gold (Wax and Oil Pen), sounds like tongue twister when you first say it out loud, but once you use it, you realize it’s one of the better vape pens for wax, oil, dabs, etc., that’s out there currently.

Smooth 2 Loaded Vaporizer Gold (Wax & Oil Pen) setup

When you buy this pen you get one 650mah Battery, one 2 loAded Atomizer, one packing tool (dabber), one wireless USB charger, and one user manual

What Makes This Vaporizer Stand Out?

One thing that I find disconcerting from some vaporizers on the market today is the fact that they take FOREVER to use. Some require you to hold a button for five minutes, wait half an hour for the damn thing to load, or read a set of instructions that when you’re done reading, will have you thinking…..”WTF did I just read? I wanted to vape, not join N.A.S.A.” The great thing about this pen is that there is none of that.  A matter of fact, the pen comes with barely any instructions at all and you kind of have to be in “the know” as to how the heating element works, because in the end, it’s the speed of the heating element that makes this pen stand out from the pack.

The Heating Element

heating element

If you’re like me, you like your vape pens to be quick and stealthy, especially when your blazing your dabs on the go. Unlike other concentrate vaporizers that can sometimes take minutes to heat up, this one heats up your dabs in less than a few seconds. All it takes is a double click from the vape pen’s button and you’re ready to inhale.

How to Use the Smooth 2 Loaded Vaporizer Gold (Wax & Oil Pen)

  • Make sure pen is fully charged before using (the pen comes with a USB charger that you can plug into a laptop or PC)usb charger
  • Once you know the pen is fully charged by the green light indicator, you can screw the titanium GR2 coil on top of the base which had previously been charging.titanium GR2 coil
  • When the titanium GR2 coil is screwed on top of the base, you can add your dabs, but not too much as to over-fill or block                                      the flow of air to the mouthpiece.

dab

  • After your dabs have been placed on top of the coil, you can seal the deal by screwing the 2 loaded atomizer on top and then placing the glass mouthpiece over it l like so. vape pen
  • Now, simply double click the button on the device while inhaling and enjoy your dabs!

All and all, this is great pen at a surprisingly great price, but since it’s our first review we’ll give it a 9/10 instead of the 10/10 since we’ll be reviewing some more products for dabs.

The Vape Pen Primer

vape basics banner

Pen-style vaporizers have been around since Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik first created the e – cigarette in 2003. Originally intended for tobacco use, vape pens have become all the rage in the marijuana industry. And for good reason, vapes are stealthier and healthier than smoking weed. They are also portable and very easy to use.

If you’ve considered purchasing a vape pen, but aren’t exactly sure where to start then this is a good read for you. So let’s get down to the nitty gritty.

vape penWhat is a Vape Pen?

A vaporizer pen is a hand-held, portable device used for inhaling nicotine, cannabis concentrate (wax, oil, dab), dry herb, or flavored oil vapor. Vapes are portable, battery powered, and usually pen shaped, hence the name “vape pen”.

How Do Vape Pens work?

Vape pens are made up of three basic parts; a mouthpiece, an atomizer (heating element), and rechargeable battery.There are a variety of portable vaporizers on the market today, but they all basically work the same. To use a vape pen, assuming that you are interested in vaporizing cannabis concentrates or dabs, you simply place your wax or oil in the chamber which connects to the atomizer, then press a button to start the heating process. The heating element heats up between 350-400 degrees just before the point of combustion, creating a vapor, which can then be inhaled.

Vaping is a Healthy Alternative to Smokingvaping smoking

What makes vaporizing so much healthier compared to smoking has a lot to do with the level of heat involved. For example, when you smoke a joint, you are directly igniting your weed with an open flame, which can get as hot as 1000 degrees. This process is called combustion. Combusting (burning) marijuana produces carcinogens. Also, smoke is just dirty, and is essentially soot which can irritate your lungs and cause shortness of breath, coughing and asthma. On the other hand, vaporizers use a process called conduction heating. Conduction is an indirect way of heating your cannabis concentrate, allowing your concentrate to become vapor rather than smoke. Vapor is a much cleaner than smoke, and has virtually none of the toxic compounds, carcinogens, and carbon monoxide associated with smoking weed.

Types of Vape Pens on the Market

There is an ever expanding variety of vape pens on the market these days that can be categorized into three basic types depending on the product used. These are wax, oil and dry herb pens. There are also pens that can be used with a combination of products, such as wax/oil, or dry herb/wax/oil. Vape pens range in price from around $20 to $300.

Wax pens – This type of vape pen is designed for use with “wax”, which is a  concentrated extract of cannabis. Wax vape pens usually have a small chamber with a screen, which protects the wax from direct contact with the heating element.

Oil Pens – Similar to an e-cig these pens use a liquid chamber which can be                   filled with hash oil prepared at home. They can also be used with purchased                   cartridges that are pre-filled.

snoop dogg vapeDry Herb Vaporizer – This style of vape pen uses a heating coil which is specifically designed for dry cannabis flowers. Some dry herb vapes use what’s called a glass dome atomizer, which is great for vaporizing hash or BHO.

So, now that you’ve got the scoop on vape pens, stay tuned to Daily Dabs for more info on vaporizers, vaping, and anything dab related.

If you’re looking for a great selection of vapes be sure to check these out!