How to Make Closed Column BHO and Live Resin

how-to-make-Bho-and-live-resinThere’s no denying the facts anymore: dabbing has become the premiere method cannabis consumption among weed connoisseurs. The golden, terpene rich concentrates available on the market today are a vast improvement from the dark, harsh oils that were once mass produced only years ago thanks largely to improvements in commercially available extractions systems.

These “closed loop” systems have not only improved overall quality of products on the market but they also offer much greater safety profile in comparison to the old popular “open blasting” techniques responsible for creating lower quality concentrate (not to mention ‘explosive’ headlines for the newspapers). A simple google search will show that these “closed loop” systems cost thousands of dollars and require special tanks and vacuum pumps but in fact, one can use the same principles to produce very high quality shatter / live resin for a fraction of the price. In this article, we will outline a simple, closed-system method of extracting cannabis to produce the highest quality extracts for under $400.

Disclaimer: The following information is for educational purposes only! Solvent-based cannabis extractions are illegal under federal and local drug lab laws and can be extremely dangerous. Such extractions should only be performed by trained professionals in licensed facilities in compliance with local laws and regulations.

A “closed loop” extraction system is one in which butane is constantly run over resin-rich plant material where it solvates THC, enters a collection chamber, evaporates, and then is re-condensed to be re-run over cannabis again (thus reducing the amount of solvent needed). As a cheaper alternative, we will be electing to use a “pressurized closed soak” method where butane and cannabis will be combined in a closed, pressurized column and allowed to soak for 45 minutes to ensure extraction efficiency. With this method, butane cannot be recycled (it must be evaporated off into the atmosphere, a costly prospect for mass production) but the quality of product is top tier and one can produce some incredible live resins when the extraction is done correctly and with care. It is an excellent alternative for people who wish to make smaller, less frequent batches of concentrates. For this method, you will need the following:

  • 1x Triclamp sanitary stainless steel spool (1.5” diameter, length depending on how much material you wish to run, we suggest anywhere from 6”-36”)
  • 1x Triclamp VITON screen gasket 20 mesh (1.5” diameter)
  • 1x Triclamp VITON gasket (1.5” diameter)
  • 2x Triclamp top cap w/ lance valve (matching diameter)closed-column-pressure-extractor-90-gram-107_1
  • 2x Single pin triclamp (bestvacs includes one with legs welded on)

(bestvaluevacs.com sells all of the above as a kit starting at $170)

  • 1x FJC vacuum pump, 1.5cfm and ($80 at Harbor Freight)
  • 1x vacuum chamber and appropriate vacuum hosing (you can try to make your own but good ones can be purchased for $100 online)
  • 1x case of butane (Whip-it! Sells the most pure canisters and they contain 400ml whereas most other brands come in 300ml canisters)
  • 1x pyrex dish
  • 1x Parchment paper
  • 1x Dank marijuanas, preferably freshly cut and frozen buds for live resin.
  • (optional) a pot of hot water a.k.a. a hot water bath.
  • (optional) dry ice and a cooler / container that will fit your spool with the end caps on.

The dry ice is particularly important if you wish to make live resin. If using cured buds, the cooling process is less essential but will still help create a lighter, more desirable extract.

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frozen buds are easier to break down into small particles without grinding, dry ice gets the job done in minutes

Step 1: Prepare Buds Collect your plant material use your hands to break down larger nugs into a more manageable size as we will be packing the plant material into the stainless steel spool / column. You want to avoid grinding the buds because cutting the plant cell wall will allow chlorophyll to be more readily extracted by our butane resulting in a darker color and harsher taste (remember, all THC is on the OUTSIDE of the plant leaf in the trichomes!). Frozen buds are particularly brittle and easy to “nug bust” by hand in a plastic bag so even if you aren’t making live resin with fresh frozen buds, we recommend you freeze your plant material anyway (remember to remove as much air as possible from the bag to reduce the formation of ice crystals)

Step 2: Pack the Column Now that your buds are broken down into ~5mm particles, you’ll want to gently pack your stainless steel column with the mesh screen clamped to the bottom to prevent buds from falling all the way through. The key is to not pack the tube too tightly or else butane will form channels in the column and some buds won’t come in contact with the solvent. Use a rod of some kind to tamp down the plant material in the tube every few grams or so to ensure even packing. Once the column is packed completely, secure the final gasket and top cap with your second clamp and close both valves on either end of your extractor. If you are making live resin or have dry ice and a cooler available, you should allow your tube to cool under the dry ice for at least 20 minutes to ensure buds (and residual water) inside are completely frozen. WARNING: the metal will be cold enough to burn your skin, use insulated gloves (or oven mits) to protect your hands!

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Butane can be injected directly into the top valve

Step 3: Vacuum and Extraction Time to use that vacuum pump! Attach the vacuum to the bottom of the extractor (the side with the mesh screen) using your vacuum hose, open the bottom valve and pull vacuum on your extractor column. It shouldn’t take more than a second and you will be able to hear the vacuum make a softer gurgle once its reached maximum vacuum. Cycle the valve (open and close it) twice to make sure you’ve pulled as much vacuum as you can, then close the valve and turn off the vacuum pump (the FJC model allows you to release pressure via a screwable cap where the hose attaches, this will make it easier to remove the hose from your extractor once its under vac). Now it’s time to make the magic happen! Selecting the appropriate adapter from the butane canister cap you can directly inject butane into the top of the extractor by opening the valve. The negative pressure will suck butane into the column so be sure your canister is releasing butane just before you open the top valve on your extractor (or else you’ll suck in air which takes up butane space!). Listen closely to the butane canister— once the column is fully pressurized with butane you will hear the butane stop flowing from the canister. You may need to use more than one canister depending on how big your column is. After the column has been fully pressurized with butane, we suggest you place the entire primed extractor back into your dry ice cooler (if you have one/ are making live resin). The cold temperature reduces the solubility of water and other undesirables in butane which always leads to lighter colored, more desirable extracts.

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Mother liquor ready for vac chamber

Step 4:  Separate Mother Liquor After about 45 minutes, your extraction will have reached optimal completeness. Remove your extractor from the cold and with your pyrex dish placed carefully underneath your bottom valve, slowly and gently turn the valve so butane begins to drip into the dish. If you release the valve too quickly, butane will spew out and create a giant, flammable, sticky mess. Controlled flow is key! Cycle the valve (open and close it) when the butane stream starts to sputter to allow gasses from the top of the column to push liquid down through the bottom. When there’s little butane left, place the column outside and release both valves to allow residual butane gas to escape. You now have a pyrex dish filled with our butane mother liquor and it should have a vibrant yellow color to it. You can attempt to try another run with the spent material but its rarely worth the solvent required as the first extraction tends to capture 80-90% of the desired cannabinoids.

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Purged live resin– incredible flavor and potency, no fancy system required

Step 5: Purge the Solvent The final step is the removal of excess butane which can be detected by taste at even a few hundred ppm. Leaving your pyrex dish of mother liquor in a well ventilated area will allow much of the butane to evaporate off but to speed things up we recommend placing your pyrex dish in a another bowl of shallow warm water (remember, butane is highly flammable so be sure the dish is nowhere near any open flames— warm the water up elsewhere!) Once the liquid has reduced substantially (but not completely), its recommended to pour off the thickening resin into a dish lined with parchment paper so your final product is easier to remove. All that’s left is to throw this dish into your vacuum chamber and pull the chamber down to about -28 mmHG (or as far as you can take it). Most people like to leave it under vacuum for as long as 24 hours but you can achieve a faster purge by cycling the pressure of the chamber every hour or so (placing your chamber in a warm water bath will also speed things up). You should be left with a beautiful, golden terpy sap! The final test is the taste test (don’t worry, butane is essentially non-toxic) and you will be able to tell if your extraction needs some extra purging or if you did things just right!

It can seem a bit overwhelming at first but the process is rather straightforward. In short, the best extractions are done as cold as possible with the strongest, freshest material one can find. Cured buds will produce less tasty, colorful extracts but this “closed column” method both reduces the amount of butane necessary and provides an significantly safer method to open blasting (albeit slightly more complicated and expensive). Of course unless you have access to cheap, high quality bud… it’s almost always more economical (and safer) to purchase from the experts! Remember, you can go to jail for making this stuff (but not necessarily possessing it). Consider your risks carefully and stay lifted!

Turn Kief into Hash with a DIY Pollen Press


kief and hashKief
— most tokers have a small collection of these coveted resin glands sitting in their grinder (especially if said grinder comes with a ‘pollinator’ or ‘kief catcher’) but it often goes unsmoked due in part to how difficult it is to handle. Even when kief does get smoked, its often wasted as the fine powder gets sucked through the bowl or joint without being heated. This problem is what inspired the most ancient form of hash making as cultivators learned to heat and press this kief into bricks of hashish.

Fast-forward several hundred years and we’re still using similar methods to turn kief into easier-to-handle hash via a device that’s known as a “pollen press.” A pollen press is essentially a vice that compresses “pollen” (aka kief) into pucks of hash (not unlike how a ‘pill press’ is used to form pills). In 2015, there are an abundance of different commercial pollen presses online for as little $10 but if you aren’t generating enough kief to warrant buying a pollen press of your very own, that doesn’t mean you can’t press your own hash!

We’ve compiled three DIY methods to turn your kief into hash so you don’t have to keep watching your hard-earned stash get wasted!

Step On It

This is the method you’ll hear from the real weed veterans and hippies— fold the kief into a piece of wax or parchment paper and stick it in the heel of your shoe. As you walk around, the heat and pressure from your foot will press the kief into a nice little slab of shoe hash! This method works wonders if you don’t mind your shoes smelling like hash / your hash smelling like feet (pro tip: use clean shoes and socks!).

Build Your Own Pollen Press

You can easily press pollen with an adjustable vice or clamp similar to the shoe method by folding your kief into some wax paper and applying a good amount of pressure for a few minutes but in case you don’t have such tools lying around, here’s the simplest DIY pollen press that can be made with common house-hold materials:

Materials: A small piece of paper, scotch tape, two unsharpened pencilspencils, tape, paper for pollen press

Step 1: Cut the paper so its no bigger than 2”x2” and make sure the ends of your unsharpened pencils are as flat and clean as possible.

Step 2: Wrap the paper around one of the pencils as tightly as possible and tape the paper to itself so it remains wrapped around the pencil.pollen press step one

Step 3: Slide this paper cylinder half-way off the flat end of the pencil it’s wrapped around and scoop kief into the newly formed chamber.pollen press kiefscoop kief

Step 4: Insert the flat end of the other pencil into the open side of the cylinder and apply steady pressure using a table to anchor one end of the pencil-cylinder-pencil setup for 10-20 seconds.

smash kief

Step 5: Stop applying pressure, remove one pencil and slide the cylinder down the body of the other pencil, you should have a small disk of pressed kief sitting on the top! Peel off and enjoy.

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kief pressed

Rosintech

With dabs having taken over the hash-smoking world, its often desirable to have a hash that can be consumed using a nail or similar smoking implement. In this case, pollen needs to be both pressed and heated so that resin can be released from the trichome heads into a sappier, dabbable product. Though careful temperature control is critical for obtaining a product high in terpenes, the process is as simple as using a hair straightener to heat and press some kief (or bud) in between a piece of parchment paper. That’s it! You’ll see the rosin begin to form as a golden sap on the inside of the paper.

Don’t let that kief go to waste! If you don’t feel like spending the money on a pollen press, be sure to use of these methods to convert that stash into sweet, sweet hash!

If the pencils aren’t cutting it for you, and you have a little dough to spare, here is a pollen press for only $14 by RAW: http://www.marijuanapackaging.com/raw-press.html

How To Make Your Own Hash Oil Capsules

canna capsulesConsuming cannabis orally is one of the most effective ways to benefit from its medicinal properties. In contrast to smoking or vaping where a majority of cannabinoids remain unabsorbed by the lungs, edibles allow the body to absorb ~95% of all active cannabinoids which allows for less material to be used to achieve the desired effects.

While there are many different edibles available in all kind of forms and flavors, there’s no denying the simple medicinal qualities of a tasteless, odorless hash oil capsule. Hash oil capsules are essentially that– cellulose/gelatin capsules filled with a measured quantity activated hash oil. These pills offer the most simple, medicinal approach to edibles as they don’t require refrigeration, have more consistent potency and are easier to dose than traditional baked edibles (they also tend to be hypo-allergenic).

Preparing Your Own Capsules Making your own hash oil capsules is a very simple, straightforward process. The main ingredients you’ll need are:

  1. Medicinal Cannabis / Keif / Hash
  2. Empty Gel Capsules (available at your local health food store, #00 is the biggest and easiest to work with)
  3. Coconut Oil
  4. Crock Pot / double boiler / a pot and a metal bowl that fits inside

It’s also advised that you have the following to avoid a giant sticky mess:

  1. A syringe for dispensing your oil into capsules (available at your local drugstore)
  2. A capsule “filling machine” or holder to hold your capsules in place while you fill them, should be available where you find the gel caps.

Similar to our cannabutter tutorial, you need to activate the THC (via decarboxylation) before it will be effective orally. All you have to do is combine the coconut oil and cannabis in your crock pot and heat it around 220°F for between one and two hours. If you don’t have a crock pot, you can just add the ingredients to a metal bowl and carefully immerse the bottom of that into a pot of boiling water for the same amount of time; water boils at ~212°F which is an optimal temperature to decarboxylate over about an hour and a half. Some people opt to use cheesecloth when using ground bud in order to strain the final product but I’ve found this to be an unnecessarily messy step that has little to no benefit on the final product and may actually adversely affect potency.

Once your oil has been properly decarboxylated, all one needs to do is set up some open capsules in the capsule filler/holder and use the syringe to fill the capsules with anywhere between .05g and .1g of hash oil. These capsules can be very potent so be careful when trying them for the first time, if you find you’ve made them too potent simply dilute with more coconut oil and re-cap. With edibles, less is more (one can always have a second or third) so you may want to start with approximately 1g of hash or kief (2g of bud) for every 2 teaspoons of coconut oil and adjust to preference from there. Get Medicated While some people get fancy with additives like soy lecithin, this recipe offers the most basic, simple, effective method for creating your own odorless, flavorless hash oil capsules.

Remember that it’s always best to eat something before taking hash oil capsules to stimulate the digestive tract and be sure to wait an hour or so after trying one to determine if you’re medicated enough… these capsules can creep up on you pretty hard!

4 Vaporizer Pens for Oil and Wax: Best Buys

vape pens wax oilIn this day and age everything is becoming smaller and more convenient with the help of technology and hash smoking is no different! The “Wax Vape Pen” has come a long way since the introduction of the G Pen and with a seemingly endless number of options available to the consumer today, it’s easy to be overwhelmed by the possibilities while trying to avoid cheap, poorly made pens that can be hazardous to your health.

That being said, many of the pens operate in a very similar fashion (passing a charge through a metal coil to create a heating element) so as long as you’re using a trusted supplier, the best pen for you will depend on your level of experience and your vaping preferences.

Stay Lit Vaporizer Kit

stay lit

If you’re just starting down the path of getting extremely relaxed on the go, the Stay Lit Vaporizer kit is an inexpensive but still high quality way to find yourself and figure out your vaporizing habits. It comes with 4 different attachments (including one for dry herb though it doesn’t work so great) so you can hit any consistency of full-melting concentrate from the most liquid oil to the must crumbly wax. Like most pens, it has a simple on-off push button operation and a locking mode so the battery doesn’t bleed off in your pocket.

Buttonless Vaporizer Pen

If you prefer to vape liquid oil or one of the many glycerinbuttonless vaporizer pen-suspended concentrates, buttonless vapes are the way to go. All you do is load on your pre-filled cartridge and puff away like a cigarette, it automatically turns on and starts vaporizing. It’s an elegant and discreet way to to get medicated.

Micro G Pen Vaporizer

micro g vaporizerIf you tend to stick to waxes and budders, the Micro G Pen offers one of the most reliable names in wax vape pens combines with the ultimate portability. The Micro G is roughly half the length of most other vape pens and though it has a shorter battery life, it has a healthy sized bowl and is even more discreet and convenient than the classic G pen. When stealth is your number 1 priority, this is what you’re looking for.

710 Vaporizer Pen ARK Kit

If the wax vape pen is your vaporization method of choice, then you’re going to want something a little more rugged and fine-tuned to suit your heavier use. The 710 Vaporizer Pen ARK kit contains both the original 710 Mini Battery and the 710 Nano Battery (one for home, one on the go) as well as liquid cartridges and glass domes for each. The large, metal bowls are of the highest quality and make hitting wax or shatter simple without having to worry about a wick. The glass dome ensures you won’t get that nasty “plastic” taste and makes it easy to see how cooked your bowl is (or if you’re spilling). 710-vaporizer-pen-ark-kitMost impressive though, is the heat up time. For so many metal components, these pens manage to heat up in a matter of seconds and the battery can easily last an entire day+ at a time with regular use (better than your smartphone!).

Whether you’re just starting out or you’re looking to upgrade your current setup, there’s bound to be a pen out there for you! Always remember to use a reliable source when purchasing a vaporizer!

Essential Dab Tools

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dabbing-tools

Vape Pen Review: Smooth 2 Loaded Vaporizer Gold (Wax & Oil Pen)

vape pen

Now that you’ve been well versed as to how vaporizer pens work and operate, we wanted to review one of the best, and shockingly, most cost effective marijuana concentrate or dab vaporizers on the market to date.  The Smooth 2 Loaded Vaporizer Gold (Wax and Oil Pen), sounds like tongue twister when you first say it out loud, but once you use it, you realize it’s one of the better vape pens for wax, oil, dabs, etc., that’s out there currently.

Smooth 2 Loaded Vaporizer Gold (Wax & Oil Pen) setup

When you buy this pen you get one 650mah Battery, one 2 loAded Atomizer, one packing tool (dabber), one wireless USB charger, and one user manual

What Makes This Vaporizer Stand Out?

One thing that I find disconcerting from some vaporizers on the market today is the fact that they take FOREVER to use. Some require you to hold a button for five minutes, wait half an hour for the damn thing to load, or read a set of instructions that when you’re done reading, will have you thinking…..”WTF did I just read? I wanted to vape, not join N.A.S.A.” The great thing about this pen is that there is none of that.  A matter of fact, the pen comes with barely any instructions at all and you kind of have to be in “the know” as to how the heating element works, because in the end, it’s the speed of the heating element that makes this pen stand out from the pack.

The Heating Element

heating element

If you’re like me, you like your vape pens to be quick and stealthy, especially when your blazing your dabs on the go. Unlike other concentrate vaporizers that can sometimes take minutes to heat up, this one heats up your dabs in less than a few seconds. All it takes is a double click from the vape pen’s button and you’re ready to inhale.

How to Use the Smooth 2 Loaded Vaporizer Gold (Wax & Oil Pen)

  • Make sure pen is fully charged before using (the pen comes with a USB charger that you can plug into a laptop or PC)usb charger
  • Once you know the pen is fully charged by the green light indicator, you can screw the titanium GR2 coil on top of the base which had previously been charging.titanium GR2 coil
  • When the titanium GR2 coil is screwed on top of the base, you can add your dabs, but not too much as to over-fill or block                                      the flow of air to the mouthpiece.

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  • After your dabs have been placed on top of the coil, you can seal the deal by screwing the 2 loaded atomizer on top and then placing the glass mouthpiece over it l like so. vape pen
  • Now, simply double click the button on the device while inhaling and enjoy your dabs!

All and all, this is great pen at a surprisingly great price, but since it’s our first review we’ll give it a 9/10 instead of the 10/10 since we’ll be reviewing some more products for dabs.

The Vape Pen Primer

vape basics banner

Pen-style vaporizers have been around since Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik first created the e – cigarette in 2003. Originally intended for tobacco use, vape pens have become all the rage in the marijuana industry. And for good reason, vapes are stealthier and healthier than smoking weed. They are also portable and very easy to use.

If you’ve considered purchasing a vape pen, but aren’t exactly sure where to start then this is a good read for you. So let’s get down to the nitty gritty.

vape penWhat is a Vape Pen?

A vaporizer pen is a hand-held, portable device used for inhaling nicotine, cannabis concentrate (wax, oil, dab), dry herb, or flavored oil vapor. Vapes are portable, battery powered, and usually pen shaped, hence the name “vape pen”.

How Do Vape Pens work?

Vape pens are made up of three basic parts; a mouthpiece, an atomizer (heating element), and rechargeable battery.There are a variety of portable vaporizers on the market today, but they all basically work the same. To use a vape pen, assuming that you are interested in vaporizing cannabis concentrates or dabs, you simply place your wax or oil in the chamber which connects to the atomizer, then press a button to start the heating process. The heating element heats up between 350-400 degrees just before the point of combustion, creating a vapor, which can then be inhaled.

Vaping is a Healthy Alternative to Smokingvaping smoking

What makes vaporizing so much healthier compared to smoking has a lot to do with the level of heat involved. For example, when you smoke a joint, you are directly igniting your weed with an open flame, which can get as hot as 1000 degrees. This process is called combustion. Combusting (burning) marijuana produces carcinogens. Also, smoke is just dirty, and is essentially soot which can irritate your lungs and cause shortness of breath, coughing and asthma. On the other hand, vaporizers use a process called conduction heating. Conduction is an indirect way of heating your cannabis concentrate, allowing your concentrate to become vapor rather than smoke. Vapor is a much cleaner than smoke, and has virtually none of the toxic compounds, carcinogens, and carbon monoxide associated with smoking weed.

Types of Vape Pens on the Market

There is an ever expanding variety of vape pens on the market these days that can be categorized into three basic types depending on the product used. These are wax, oil and dry herb pens. There are also pens that can be used with a combination of products, such as wax/oil, or dry herb/wax/oil. Vape pens range in price from around $20 to $300.

Wax pens – This type of vape pen is designed for use with “wax”, which is a  concentrated extract of cannabis. Wax vape pens usually have a small chamber with a screen, which protects the wax from direct contact with the heating element.

Oil Pens – Similar to an e-cig these pens use a liquid chamber which can be                   filled with hash oil prepared at home. They can also be used with purchased                   cartridges that are pre-filled.

snoop dogg vapeDry Herb Vaporizer – This style of vape pen uses a heating coil which is specifically designed for dry cannabis flowers. Some dry herb vapes use what’s called a glass dome atomizer, which is great for vaporizing hash or BHO.

So, now that you’ve got the scoop on vape pens, stay tuned to Daily Dabs for more info on vaporizers, vaping, and anything dab related.

If you’re looking for a great selection of vapes be sure to check these out!